What is the use of honeysuckle?
What is honeysuckle?
In nature, there are about 200 species of the plant, which is collectively called “honeysuckle”. Breeders honeysuckle edible, the berries of which are today suitable for human consumption and are extremely appreciated due to its beneficial properties and taste.
Among other known and most common subspecies are the following:
These plants have fruits - berries are oblong and rich blue in color, suitable for human consumption. The shrub itself has a branchy form, in its natural environment reaches 2 meters. At the same time, the plant has a spreading crown, which reaches the height of the shrub in diameter. The leaves have a light green color. A distinctive feature of honeysuckle is peeling of the bark like a grape trunk.
It is believed that shrubs are one of the most durable berry plants, the tree begins to bear fruit at 7 - 8 year of life.This period lasts up to 25 years, after which this flora is able to live for more than a dozen years. An interesting fact is that the plant continues to grow up to 50 years. The krone grows to 35 years.
Fruits are suitable not only for the fresh use. From them incredibly tasty compotes, juice, jam, jams, confitures turn out. The berries themselves are sweet and sour, have a specific flavor. They come to taste almost every person who tries them. The flesh of the berries has a dark purple or red-purple color. She is juicy and sticky.
The edible variety of this plant can be used in breeding to produce more fruitful shrubs. In addition, honeysuckle has a decorative meaning, since it is a very beautiful plant in itself. In Siberia and the Far East, you can often find such a culture in the gardens and courtyards of local residents.
But, of course, the main value is the chemical composition of the berries, which are believed to be able to even prolong youth and improve health. Before use, it is necessary to study the beneficial properties of honeysuckle, as well as to learn what contraindications exist in order not to harm the body.
What are the beneficial substances contain berries?
They are rich in B, A, P vitamins. But the most valuable fruits of honeysuckle are for an incredibly high content of vitamin C, which is much higher than that of black currant and citrus fruits. The berries are also rich in micro- and macro-elements, such as magnesium, calcium, iron, iodine, zinc, silicon, strontium, barium.
Fruits are rich in substances such as organic acids. If there are any contraindications to the use of such compounds, it is better to consult a doctor before eating berries. It is known that edible honeysuckle has a high content of amber, oxalic, malic, citric acid.
The product is characterized by the presence of a large amount of such a polysaccharide as pectin, as well as fructose, rhamnose, galactose, sucrose.In its composition there are P-active substances that have a fortifying effect on the body. Due to this, edible honeysuckle is a useful food that has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular, digestive, circulatory, excretory systems of the body.
Another useful feature of this product is cleaning the body. Due to the content of pectin substances, the fruits have a counter-toxic effect and help to normalize the work of all organs and systems in case of poisoning or intoxication. Due to the unique chemical composition of edible honeysuckle, accelerates the outflow of bile from the body and has a diuretic effect, due to which blood pressure is normalized.
In addition, due to the normalization of the work of the whole organism, the work of the immune system is improved. Increases human resistance to various viruses and infections.
Honeysuckle fruit application
Fresh berries should be consumed to enhance immunity and enrich the body with vitamins. It is necessary to choose only fresh, recently picked fruits without signs of rotting and spoilage.For the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract is best to use infusions or decoctions of honeysuckle.
The easiest way to cook the broth is the following: you need to take 400 grams of berries and 1.5 liters of water. This mixture should be brought to a boil over low heat, then insist about another 2 hours. The cooled broth prepared according to this recipe is also suitable for the treatment of inflammatory processes of the eyes and conjunctivitis.
Infusion of honeysuckle is made on an alcohol basis. It can not be used if there are contraindications to the use of alcohol. For infusion, you must take the following ingredients:
- 300 grams of honeysuckle;
- 200 grams of sugar;
- 1 liter of vodka;
- 300 milliliters of water.
Berries should be well washed and grind with sugar. Then add water and vodka to them and infuse the solution for 3 days. Then the finished tincture should be permed through gauze. You can not use the tincture in the amount of more than 15 milliliters per day.
It can be concluded that honeysuckle is an extremely healthy berry, which has a unique vitamin composition. In addition, it contains a large number of micro and macro elements and polysaccharides. Due to this, this product is recommended for use in adults and children.