What causes swelling of the legs?
Physiological causes of lower limb swelling
Puffiness of the lower limbs is characterized by swelling of the skin on the ankles and around the knee caps. In this case, the person feels heaviness, mild pain and fatigue. This condition can occur in both men and women.Very often, future mothers are faced with a similar disorder during the second half of pregnancy. It is caused by a change in hormonal levels. Hormones promote blood flow to the placenta and retain sodium in the body, which can cause swelling of the legs. After birth, this symptom disappears by itself.
In addition to pregnancy, there are other physiological reasons, due to which the lower limbs swell. They are not hazardous to health. After the elimination of such causes, the state of health of the legs returns to normal. Sometimes this is caused by excessive consumption of salty foods. Sodium retains water, which leads to swelling. The work of some men and women is associated with staying in a standing position, because of which the normal blood flow is disturbed and the above symptom occurs.Sometimes it manifests itself due to wearing uncomfortable shoes that do not meet the requirements of orthopedics.
Sometimes the swelling of the lower limbs is manifested in hot weather. This is a natural reaction of the body to overheating - the capillaries expand, which is why microcirculatory reactions are disturbed in them, which lead to fluid accumulation. All of the above reasons are not the result of pathological changes. If the swelling of the lower extremities is provoked by one of them, it is enough to create favorable conditions to get rid of this symptom.
Pathological causes of swelling of the legs
Unlike physiological, pathological causes are associated with impaired health. They require a comprehensive diagnosis and systematic treatment under the supervision of a qualified doctor. Some diseases are life threatening.
So, the following diseases can be attributed to the pathological causes of leg edema:
- disorders of the kidneys;
- cardiovascular diseases;
- disruption of the functioning of the thyroid gland;
- cirrhosis of the liver;
- venous thrombosis;
- severe form of preeclampsia in pregnant women;
- inflammatory processes of blood vessels.
With varicose veins observed uneven nature of swelling. In this case, the legs look asymmetrical, the patient feels stiffness, heaviness, fatigue of the lower extremities. A different nature of the course of the disease is observed if it is caused by disturbances in the work of the heart. The lower limbs at the same time look symmetrical. If careful pressure is applied to the lower leg, a fossa is formed, which does not immediately disappear. The fact is that with heart failure, the heart is unable to provide normal blood flow in the body, as a result of which there is excess fluid in the legs.
Unlike heart disease, diseases of the thyroid gland cause elastic swelling, but there is no fossa when pressed. Thrombophlebitis disease is an inflammatory process in a vein. In this case, edema is observed only in the limb where the inflamed vessel is located. If you press on the swollen zone, the patient will feel pain and burning.Abnormalities in the work of the kidneys are easily identified by external symptoms. Primarily affected face and hands. The legs begin to swell as the disease progresses. In this case, the skin of the lower extremities acquires a pale tint.
Gestosis is a pathology of pregnant women, which can also trigger an increase in blood pressure and swelling of the entire body, including the lower extremities. Modern medicine considers this condition the main cause of maternal mortality. With all of the above conditions, all that needs to be done is to see a doctor. Self-medication can lead to disastrous consequences.
Leg swelling treatment
If the disease is caused by physiological reasons, you can use a variety of methods that will remove the swelling. The first thing to do in such a situation is to take a horizontal position and put your legs above the body, for example, on a pillow. Such a measure will allow redirecting blood flow from the legs to other parts of the body. You can make a massage, for which we advise you to study a special technique or contact a specialist. The direction of this massage should be from the bottom up - it will help to normalize the normal blood flow. Good results are achieved when performing massage in pregnant women.
Miraculously help warm baths with sea salt. They must be done within 20 - 30 minutes. It is enough to collect 5 liters of water in a container and put 5 tablespoons of sea salt to achieve the desired effect. We recommend after this bath to hold therapeutic exercises. To consolidate the result, it is necessary to do such procedures for 2 - 3 months. Often, when the legs become swollen, doctors recommend wearing elastic stockings that affect the blood circulation of the lower limbs. But their wearing should be prescribed by a doctor. Otherwise, you can aggravate the condition and increase the manifestations of puffiness
If the causes of swelling of the legs lie in uncomfortable shoes, then abandon it. Remember that only health, not high heels and adherence to modern fashion standards, is a guarantee of beauty. When choosing a new pair, pay attention to compliance with orthopedic standards. Today, many manufacturers are represented in the stores, which offer for men and women not only beautiful, but also comfortable shoes that will not harm your feet.
Usually, this recommendation is given to people with heart and kidney problems. In other cases it is strictly forbidden to reduce the amount of fluid consumed. A person should drink at least 1.5 liters of water per day to ensure the normal needs of the body.
In case of swelling of the legs, you should consult a qualified doctor. He will help determine the exact causes and prescribe the appropriate treatment. They can be physiological, for example, swelling of the legs during pregnancy, and pathological - when this symptom is caused by a disease. The treatment will help relieve swelling, heaviness, tiredness and pain in the legs.