Truth and myths about Norilsk
How and what do people live in Norilsk, is there summer there, are there deer walking around the city, why it is impossible to leave the city without a shovel in the winter and why we need actions in the story of the Norilsk woman.
1. It is always cold in Norilsk
Myth. Norilsk is not always cold. About 9 months a year. Winter is approximately from mid-September to mid-May.
We, in Norilsk, of course, divide this winter into seasons and call it “autumn”, “late autumn”, “early” and “late” spring. But –19 ° C, knee-deep snow, wind, winter clothes ...
So what am I talking about? BUT! No, not always cold.
2. There is no summer in Norilsk
Myth. Summer happens in Norilsk. But not for long.
Usually in July. Ten days, sometimes a week. What is summer like? Roast: + 30–32 ° C.
Even +36 ° C.
As a rule, summer comes abruptly.
For a couple of hours the temperature can rise by 20 degrees. For example, with +12 ° C. Everyone around is wearing T-shirts, walking with bare, pale legs, fanning Panamas. The wind does not blow at all, the asphalt melts. But no one is offended. Everyone suffers and tries to jump out into the street, to substitute any part of the body to the sun.
It often happens that summer came while you were at work.If you walk, it means that down the street in demi-season boots, you carry the jacket under your arm, and the people meet naked and in slaps. And if you look around, it’s immediately clear who is coming from work, and who has been at home for a long time and even sunbathing.
In the courtyards often drifts over the summer do not have time to melt. And the layers of ice remain lying until the autumn rains. You barely run on them in sandals - and on the sunny side. Everything is in order there.
Sometimes all the heat ends in three days. The anecdote "It was summer, but I worked that day" - just about Norilsk.
4. In Norilsk do not clean the snow in the yards
True. Here is the problem ... In Norilsk, the phrase “snow fell” and “clean snow” means not at all that in Moscow.
In Norilsk it is drifts. Immediately. Knee and higher. And tomorrow snow will fall as much again. And the day after tomorrow. And so every day in the next six months. The snow does not melt. Due to the low temperature and strong wind, it becomes dense, hard, rammed, stuck together not into lumps and snowballs, but into snow-covered blocks. The fallen snow remains to lie in the yards. They only clean roads, sidewalks, walkways to the entrances. After a blizzard, it does not janitor with a shovel, and a healthy tractor.
five.Norilsk does not use chemical agents to combat ice
True. In Norilsk, no one knows what chemicals are. Here they are not used to fight with snow and ice. That is, never at all.
So that it was not slippery, the roadway and sidewalks in Norilsk are sprinkled with slag. Slag is rock waste. Empty, light, black squeaky baby. It does not look very much. Sometimes visitors with horror ask: “Is it really that harmful emissions of the plant have settled on the snow?” But in fact this thing doesn’t harm health, dog paws, shoes, car tires.
6. In Norilsk, everyone knows how to ski and skate
Myth. It is a pity, but the traditional winter sports in Norilsk cannot be called “cult”, “folk” or “citizens' favorite pastime”.
7. In Norilsk, deer walk the streets
Myth. Do not go. The reindeer are brought by helicopter from the tundra to the Great Argish festival. For beauty, creating an atmosphere and taking pictures.
8. In Norilsk eat raw fish
True. There is such a dish Sagudai - they make it from raw fish: whitefish, muksuna or omul. Delicacy and delicious. Served in the best restaurants of the city.But, no matter how I tried to add friends of the Neneral residents, they exist, and some even cannot look at it. This is a dish of northern cuisine. And it is completely unlike, for example, Japanese sashimi.
9. There are no trees in Norilsk
Myth. There are trees in Norilsk. These are numerous trees in the apartments of citizens. What ficuses! And what palm trees! And what lemons are grown in offices!
As for the trees on the streets ... well, actually, too. It's just dwarf tundra trees. They look more like bushes. So our trees are bushes on lawns.
10. Norilsk is similar to Peter
True (if you're a romantic). In order to see that Norilsk is similar to Leningrad - we always talked about the architecture of Leningrad - you need to go to October Square, go to the arch of one of the houses: Lenin, 1, or Lenin, 2 (they are located opposite each other) look at the opposite side and slightly up and smile.
11. There are no basements in Norilsk houses
True. Let's say so, in Norilsk, the “basement of the house” is called by no means what people on the mainland do.
Buildings in Norilsk are built on concrete piles. No one is digging a pit, accordingly, there are no ground floors, basements, norilsk residents do not have the opportunity to store potatoes with onions or a bicycle in the basement of the house.
What is called “basement” in Norilsk? This is the space between the floor of the first floor and the ground, a height of one and a half to two floors. Everything is arranged in such a way that the wind would walk under the house, the frost would freeze everything as it should. And by no means warm. All this in order that the permafrost into which the piles are driven does not melt.
And yet, in Norilsk there are two houses with the most real basements. They were built in the 50s. There were organized a real bomb shelter in case of war.
12. In Norilsk there are no inedible mushrooms.
True. So, in order. In Norilsk, or rather, mushrooms grow outside the city. Yes true. In the summer, the Norilsk people go to the tundra to collect these mushrooms. Also true. Inedible mushrooms do not grow in the tundra. White, aspen, boletus, however, also does not happen. But any volyushka and russula can be eaten.
13. You can only get to Norilsk by plane.
Myth. Nonsense! You can, for example, take a train from Moscow to Krasnoyarsk - 4165 km, three days. Then from Krasnoyarsk by boat to Dudinka - 1989 km, four days. And from Dudinka it’s easy to get to Norilsk by car - 90 km, an hour and a half. True, such a journey can be made only in summer, when navigation is open on the Yenisei. In winter, ships do not go. In winter - only by plane. Fly from Moscow 4 hours.
14. In winter, the polar night all the time.
Myth. Polar night lasts only 45 days. It begins on November 30 and ends on January 13.
To be honest, as it comes, you do not feel at all. Day "X" is no different from the previous one. This is because by this time the night is twilight. The day gets shorter gradually. Electricity is always on in apartments and offices. The streets are very well and beautifully lit - you do not seem to notice anything like that. You live yourself, you live. Just do not get enough sleep. Tired out Some kind of emotional stress.
In the polar night “daytime” lasts only an hour. However, even this hour is impossible to spend, not including the light in the apartment.
After the polar night, another 30 days of gray twilight. But when in February the sun appears for the first time for 5 minutes. ABOUT! Yes! This is where you understand everything about the polar night! You understand how lousy it was, how difficult without the sun, what incredible power, it turns out, fatigue has accumulated.
It is very hard for a person to live without the sun.
And the polar night is the only natural phenomenon to which the body does not get used. That is, every year all the same amount of fatigue, no habit.
15. In Norilsk, in winter, people eat ice cream on the street.
True. Yes.Why not. And at –24 ° C and –26 ° C, you can eat ice cream on the street. But! Only if there is no wind. When the wind does not work.
16. In the summer, when swimming in the lake, you should not get up on the bottom
True. Norilsk people like to relax in tourist centers outside the city. And everyone, of course, knows that even on the hottest summer day, there is ice at the bottom of any lake in the tundra. Water has time to warm up, and you can swim in it. But the bottom remains icy. So the bottom is better not to get up. All freeze yourself.
17. Norilsk never sleeps
True. This is not a figurative expression. "Never sleeps" - literally. Norilsk Nickel enterprises operate in three shifts. Production never stops. Therefore, in the city at any time of day there is someone who is going to work, and someone who has just come from work. In someone's windows the light is always on, someone is driving past on a bus or a taxi. Be sure to open a pair of grocery, many non-stop flower shops. In this sense, a small Norilsk lives by habits, rather, a metropolis than the average Russian city with a population of up to 200 thousand people.
18. In winter, they will not let me out of the city by car unless you show a shovel to a traffic cop
True.From Norilsk to Kayerkan, which used to be a separate city and is now officially considered a district of Norilsk, can be reached by car in 25 minutes. From Norilsk to Dudinka in 1.5–2 hours. The road is straight, flat, on either side of the road - nothing: plain, snowy desert. And if the wind suddenly blows and a blizzard begins, this snowy desert seizes the road in a matter of minutes. Seines instantly hide asphalt, landmarks disappear, the driver loses direction. To go further in this case is impossible. Machines stop at the side of the road and wait for the tractor to arrive. Sooner or later the tractor appears. He paves the way along the marked road. This is where the drivers need a shovel: while standing in a blizzard, the car sweeps up the windows.
19. Half of the school year, students do not go to school
True. Speech about younger students. Norilsk meteorologists many years ago created a special table. It includes indicators of air temperature and wind force, at which it is dangerous for children to be outside. For example, the temperature itself –36 ° C degrees is completely safe. But if the wind is 20 meters per second, it is better not to let the child out of the house.Meteorologists look at the table, and if the wind / temperature indicators cause concern, they call the day aktirovannyh, or aktirovku. There is a gradation according to which the announcement is announced for the lower grades, for the lower and middle grades, well, and when the elements really rage, no one goes to school.
20. Employees of "Norilsk Nickel" go to work in columns
True. During a strong wind or a serious blizzard, the roads are closed, vehicles do not go. Getting to work is not an easy task. The variant on this case was invented long ago: columns of buses are being formed. First, on the road there is a pair of bulldozers - they clean the snow, then a traffic police car with a flashing light, then a convoy of buses. On the buses, Norilsk Nickel employees look out the windows. In them - completely white milk.
21. House numbers are written on buildings with two-meter figures.
True. They do this because it’s not always possible in a blizzard to get a closer look at the number. And huge numbers can be seen from afar. All panel nine-storey buildings of Norilsk are numbered as follows.