The Norwegian capital Oslo is surrounded by wooded hills and lakes. Of the 454 square kilometers of the total area of 242 square kilometers, the areas of this green city are covered with dense forest. In fact, more than two-thirds of the city of Oslo are protected natural areas. Stricter environmental legislation in the city is aimed at the preservation of natural resources and natural beauty. Within Oslo, a large number of parks, open areas and 343 lakes. The city government has a mission to make Oslo hydrocarbon-neutral by 2020.Biogas production from organic waste and sewage only confirms how close Oslo has approached this goal. Oslo also has more than 700 public charging stations for electric vehicles. Taxis and electric buses will be introduced in the coming years.
Helsinki, the capital of Finland, is one of the greenest cities in Europe. This city consists of more than 310 islands, some of which are famous for their picturesque sandy beaches. The government plans to build coastal parks for the generation of wind energy, designed to fully supply the city with electricity. Locals are fully satisfied with Helsinki’s air quality, but using renewable energy sources can improve air quality to new heights. The main environmental principles of the city are aimed at protecting its natural environment and natural resources. Helsinki is also known for its high level of recycling. This not only reduces pollution, but also replenishes the energy needs of the city. In the field of transport, citizens most often choose to ride a bike, or walk.
San Francisco, United States
The high level of recycling is the main reason for the growth of San Francisco in the list of the greenest cities in the world. The city government has a mission to make the city waste-free by 2020. Non-biodegradable plastic bags have been banned in the city since 2007. Efficient environmental programs and policies in San Francisco actively promote the use of renewable energy. In the near future, the city relies primarily on renewable energy sources, including solar energy, wind energy, biofuels and other areas. Thus, the city can become even more green and healthy than before. San Francisco also has a number of community incentive programs for using bicycles and electric vehicles. All these measures not only help save money, but also reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
It is quite difficult to maintain green areas in a large city. Surprisingly, while half of London is covered with greenery and covers 14,164 hectares of green areas, including parks, wildlife habitats, reserves and gardens.These green areas guarantee better biodiversity, no flooding, less pollution and better air quality. The Kent Wind Farm in Southeast England is the largest coastal wind farm in the world supplying electricity to the capital of Great Britain. This large wind farm produces enough energy to meet the needs of 25% of all London houses. This renewable energy project also significantly reduces carbon emissions in the city. The active promotion of renewable energy and new green projects by the next decade will make the city completely green. You can also see hundreds of hybrid buses on the streets of London. In the coming years, even more such buses will start running around the city.
Iceland's main city of Reykjavik has the largest geothermal heating system in the world. In total, there are 30 active volcanoes in the country, whose energy is used for heating. Icelanders rely more on hydrothermal energy than fossil fuels.In fact, 100 percent of Reykjavik’s electricity needs are covered by hydrogeothermal energy sources. The high availability of geothermal energy in the city also satisfies the needs of most people for hot water. Using these renewable energy sources saves the city from excessive carbon dioxide emissions, making it completely green.
The city of Curitiba in southern Brazil is known for its thoughtful urban planning. The city has 12 acres of green area per 1000 inhabitants, and the total number of green areas is 400 square kilometers. This creates the best conditions for biodiversity, extra coolness and clean air. The popular Curitiba Botanical Garden is home to over 350,000 plant species. Curitiba's strict environmental legislation reliably protects its green areas. Illegal logging and use of land with rare plant species is strictly prohibited. Curitiba is also famous for its efficient public transport system. Most of the population chooses buses to move around the city.This limits the use of private cars and carbon emissions. Hiking paths and cycling routes in Curitiba are also introduced everywhere.
The coastal city of Vancouver is one of the greenest cities in the world. Renewable hydroelectric power covers 93% of all city electrical requirements. Vancouver will continue to introduce more renewable energy sources to reduce carbon dioxide emissions to the lowest level. The city government and residents have an ambitious vision to make Vancouver the greenest city in the world by 2020. They also formed an effective team called GCAT, in order to quickly accomplish their mission. This mission also offers thousands of job opportunities in green business. By 2020, they are aiming to plant more trees, improve air quality and water quality, promote local food production and increase processing in the city. Nowadays, the city government is rapidly expanding Vancouver’s bicycle infrastructure. The number of electric vehicles and charging stations in the city is also increasing.year after year.
The picturesque city of Stockholm is committed to a green lifestyle and cleanliness. Stockholm covers an area of 6,519 square kilometers, one third of which is occupied by the green zone. The city has 12 large parks, and residents receive the maximum support from the city government in arranging the green zone on their land. Stockholm was also the first city to receive the status of the Green Capital of Europe in 2010. This Scandinavian city is also known for its waste disposal and its conversion into biogas. The government has focused on increasing biogas production over the next few years in order to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels. The authorities in Stockholm want to make urban biofuels free by 2050. According to reports, the city has reduced greenhouse gas emissions by 25% since 1990. The green city offers its residents and guests environmentally friendly urban transport and well-maintained bicycle infrastructure. You can rent a city bike at any of the hundreds of bicycle stations throughout Stockholm.
Bicycles have been an integral part of the culture of the city of Amsterdam for many decades.This is the most common way to move in the city, the infrastructure of which unites networks of canals and narrow streets. An extensive network of cycling and hiking roads covers the whole of Amsterdam. In fact, there are more bicycles in the city than residents. On the streets of Amsterdam, you can often find electric cars, which can be charged at any of the 300 stations of the city. The Netherlands is also among the most environmentally friendly countries in the world.
In 2009, the Amsterdam city government gave rise to a special project called Smart City. The main goal of this project is to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and save energy. To achieve this goal, the authorities encourage recycling of waste, installation of solar panels, the use of electric vehicles, as well as moving on buses and bicycles. Most city dwellers use energy from solar panels and small wind generators. Most households are also equipped with an energy-saving system that saves energy.
The Danish capital of Copenhagen is considered one of the greenest cities in the world, the most favorable for cyclists. The population of Copenhagen is 569557 inhabitants.50 percent of them prefer bicycles to cars. This is the most important form of transport in Copenhagen. As a result of the love of the Danes for cycling, the city has a very low level of carbon dioxide emissions. Cycling and walking tours are the best way to explore this beautiful city. The city is trying to achieve a zero carbon balance by 2025. Danes are also known for recycling and composting. This reduces energy consumption and pollution. Copenhagen is focused on increasing the number of coastal wind turbines, with which it is possible to reduce the use of oil and gas.
Danes are building energy-efficient buildings to develop the concept of an eco-friendly city. These projects minimize energy losses in the process of heating and lighting. The government is promoting the installation of advanced heating systems, new windows, solar panels and insulation in buildings. Copenhagen is also seeking to increase the use of biogas in the coming years, abandoning the use of fossil fuels.It is not surprising that tourists can find many green hotels in Copenhagen. More than 71 percent of hotel rooms in the city are marked as eco-friendly.