The best methods of early development: how to raise a prodigy
I must admit that not all children are born geeks. Rather, the opposite: you can select only a few children who show extraordinary abilities from early childhood. Does this mean that the rest are hopeless? Of course not! What are the best methods of early development?
Montessori technique - “help me to do it myself”
The sooner you start to engage with the child, the better he will learn everything and strive to learn new things. For this, various techniques have been developed that have been successfully applied for more than a decade in practice. One of the best methods of early development and, perhaps, one of the most famous is the Maria Montessori method, which was developed in the middle of the 19th century.
Maria Montessori - the first woman in Italy - doctor of medicine. She worked a lot in kindergarten, dealing with sick and weak children.In order for the children to keep up with their peers, she herself came up with toys that would help them develop various skills.
The result of her work was the development of a pedagogical system, the essence of which lies in the child’s self-development. The idea of the system is to create a special environment around the child in which he will independently live and learn. Under these conditions, the child forms motor and sensory skills, improves his physical condition, learns to organize and compare a wide variety of objects and phenomena, and gains knowledge and skills through his own experience.
The goal of the teacher at the same time - to monitor the child and help only in case of emergency. The main motto of the Montessori teaching: “Help me to do it myself.”
At the moment, you can buy a lot of gaming and didactic materials based on the Montessori method. These are materials on the development of speech, sensory, practical life, writing and reading, and mathematics. But the overwhelming majority of games are aimed at developing figurative thinking. The main negative point of the Montessori method is the inability to interact in a group.
Innovative teachers, parents of seven children, Boris and Elena Nikitina, developed their own unique methodology, which is also considered to be the best for the early development of a child. All the principles of this technique were tested on their children.
Their games are designed for parents to share lessons with their children, more precisely, joint games that vary depending on the specific situation and age. As a rule, these are various puzzles that are aimed at recognizing and completing various images.
They promote figurative and logical thinking. Each of the games is a specific set of tasks that the child will solve with the help of various details - cubes, squares, bricks, cardboard figures, etc.
The negative sides of this technique are: children are engaged exclusively in what they are interested in, they lack the sense of purpose and perseverance, they do not develop the desire to overcome difficulties.
The original, created by the Austrian educator Rudolf Steiner more than a century ago, was also recognized as the best method of early development by the Waldorf technique, although it is based on principles that are fundamentally different from other methods.According to her teachings, the child should, as long as possible, at least up to 7 years, live in their own, figuratively fairy-tale world.
That is, the main emphasis in it is placed on creative, physical and spiritual development. The development of intellectual abilities is left for a later period. Children participate in various holidays, performances, learn various crafts, and work exclusively with natural materials.
Based on this technique, "dead" toys - made of plastic or other polymers - do not give the child vital forces, but take them away. Also, according to the method, it is recommended to remove a computer and a TV from home, as they are sources of additional stress and completely unnecessary information.
Negative aspects of such a technique: the child is practically divorced from modern realities, the child’s knowledge and skills depend on the level of training of the teacher himself, the enormous differences from the program in traditional schools.
Glenn Doman technique
This technique was developed by military doctor Glenn Doman, who for many years worked with children with brain injuries.Its essence can be stated in several words: when stimulating one of the senses, a person can achieve a significant increase in the activity of the brain as a whole. That is, if an almost blind disabled child could see the outlines of the object after intensive exercises, then soon he began to move, although by a little bit - the brain started working and a chain reaction began.
Then the technique was applied to healthy children. Glen insisted that it was necessary to work with the child from birth, then each time he would learn more and more information. On large-sized cards they wrote just one word and showed the child for 5-10 seconds. So that he could just cover the eyes shown. During the day this was done up to 10 times. As a result, the information was easily assimilated by the child.
In his opinion, the earlier the child is taught the numbers, the faster and more independently he will discover addition and subtraction, and subsequently multiplication and division. And so in everything: in language teaching, chemistry, physics, etc.
There are also negative aspects in this method: the child acts only as a passive listener, there is no creative beginning in it and the developmental stages are not taken into account.
Methodology of Nikolay Zaitsev
A well-known pedagogue and innovator Nikolai Zaitsev calls for abandoning the traditional principle of teaching reading, since this negatively affects the psychomotor development and health of the child. Probably, many parents heard about “Zaitsev's cubes”, but not everyone tried to put them into practice.
The essence of this technique is simple: a child, from the moment of birth, pronounces not individual letters, but only syllables. Accordingly, it is easier for him to learn the syllable than a single letter. Moreover, in the form of a game. When playing with cubes, children quickly memorize the writing of syllables or combinations of letters, and then they can compose words on their own - from simple to complex.
Zaitsev's technique is inconvenient because after its use in school the child has to relearn. There is also the problem of missing vowels when writing. In fact, there are still quite a few methods of early development. Each of them has its drawbacks, although the benefits are still greater.
Probably, ideally, it would be to take the best in each of them and apply all this in a complex, comprehensively developing the child. Unfortunately, in modern realities only a few can afford this, since it will be necessary to devote all the time to the child, which is almost impossible. But is it worth a try?