Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis

Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis

Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis
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Chronic endometritis is an inflammation that affects the mucous membranes of the uterus. Signs of chronic endometritis are not as pronounced as in the acute phase of the pathological process. However, it is extremely important to identify the disease in the early stages of its development and to undergo the necessary treatment, because endometritis is considered to be one of the main causes of infertility in women!

Disease characteristic

When the patient has endometritis, the mucous membranes of the uterus become inflamed, which leads to disruption of the growth processes or rejection of the endometrium, as well as inflammation localized in the uterine muscles.

Among the most dangerous complications of this disease, gynecologists distinguish the following:

  • uterine bleeding;
  • impossibility of conception;
  • problems with carrying a child;
  • miscarriages;
  • complication of the birth process.

Experts say that it is possible to cure endometritis that is chronic and normalize the patient's reproductive health, most importantly, start a therapeutic course in a timely manner and follow the doctor's recommendations!

Causes

In order to understand how to treat the chronic form of endometritis, it is necessary to deal with the causes of the disease.

The following factors can provoke endometritis:

  • Chronic endometritis and its causesdifficult childbirth;
  • miscarriage;
  • cesarean section;
  • abortions;
  • use of intrauterine devices for contraception;
  • gynecological infectious diseases;
  • previous surgical interventions in the uterus;
  • non-compliance with the basic rules of intimate hygiene;
  • HIV infection;
  • long and uncontrolled hormonal drugs;
  • bacterial vaginosis;
  • intimate contacts during menstruation;
  • instrumental vaginal examination;
  • the introduction of the probe in the region of the uterine cavity;
  • diseases of the genitourinary system, occurring in a chronic form;
  • traumatic damage to the mucous membranes;
  • endometrial polyps.
All of the above factors contribute to the penetration of microbes, bacteria and other pathogens in the uterus, this causes the development of the inflammatory process. Also, the cause of chronic endometritis is often the wrong or inadequate treatment of this pathology, occurring in the acute form.

Additional provocative factors are such manifestations as weakened immune systems, active sex life with a large number of intimate partners, psycho-emotional upheavals, hormone-type disturbances and general intoxication of the body. According to statistics, endometritis is most susceptible of the fair sex in the age group over 30 years.

How does chronic endometritis manifest?

Chronic endometritis has the following symptoms:

  • hyperthermia;
  • uterine bleeding;
  • painful sensations during stool;
  • menstruation cycle disorders;
  • the appearance of specific vaginal discharge;
  • pain attacks, localized in the lower abdomen;
  • pain and discomfort during intimate contact;
  • increased fatigue.

In the period of exacerbation of the pathological process, patients may experience an increase in body temperature, severe chills, a pronounced pain syndrome, difficulty in urinating and signs characteristic of the general intoxication of the body.

Diagnostic methods

Diagnosis of endometritis, occurring in a chronic form, is carried out by a gynecologist. First, the attending physician performs a palpation examination of the uterine and vaginal area of ​​the patient. In the presence of an inflammatory process, palpation reveals a thickening and increase in the size of the uterus, and the examination itself causes an unpleasant feeling of discomfort in the patient.

In the presence of such signs, the following diagnostic tests are assigned to the woman:

  • What are the symptoms of chronic endometritisa smear on the definition of a specific pathogen;
  • general laboratory blood test;
  • blood for biochemistry;
  • ultrasound examination of the uterine cavity, appendages and tubes;
  • Analysis of urine;
  • hysteroscopy;
  • PCR diagnostics;
  • colposcopy.

Based on the results of the examination, the general clinical picture and the collected history, the gynecologist makes an accurate diagnosis and prescribes the most effective treatment for the patient!

Possible complications

In the absence of a competent, and most importantly, timely treatment, endometritis, occurring in a chronic form, can cause the development of the following complications that are dangerous to women's health:

  • infertility;
  • miscarriages;
  • the formation of adhesions;
  • menstrual disorders;
  • endometriosis;
  • the appearance of polypous neoplasms in the uterine cervix;
  • uterine myoma;
  • erosion damage of the cervix;
  • peritonitis.

Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis are interrelated in many respects, therefore, in order to avoid the development of these undesirable consequences, when the first signs characteristic of this disease appear, you should immediately seek professional gynecological help!

Conception for chronic endometritis

Many patients are interested in the question: is it possible to get pregnant with chronic endometritis? According to experts, conception with endometritis that occurs in a chronic form is a rare exception, since the damaged mucous membranes of the uterus create an obstacle for the fertilized egg, preventing it from gaining a foothold.

Often, women with diagnosed chronic endometritis have ectopic pregnancy. Numerous reviews of patients suffering from this disease indicate thatthat chronic endometritis reduces the chances of not only natural conception, but also successful fertilization using IVF or artificial insemination.

Inactive chronic endometritis gives a woman the opportunity to become pregnant. However, even if conception occurred, inflammation in the area of ​​the uterus carries a serious threat, both to the very future mother and her baby. Chronic endometritis and pregnancy - a complex combination that triggers damage to fetal tissues.

Pregnancy with chronic endometritisFor this reason, there is a high probability of the birth of a child suffering from congenital pathologies that cannot be diagnosed during pregnancy.

In addition, chronic endometritis during pregnancy can cause the development of such complications:

  • intrauterine infection of the fetus;
  • miscarriage;
  • premature termination of pregnancy;
  • the birth of a dead child.

In order to preserve the pregnancy, the future mother with diagnosed chronic endometritis is shown bed rest and regular supervision by a gynecologist! In most cases, such patients are placed in the clinic for “preservation”.Strict compliance with all the recommendations of a specialist significantly increases the chances of having a full-term, healthy baby!

Treatment of chronic endometritis

With a diagnosis of chronic endometritis, treatment should be aimed at eliminating the manifestations of an inflammatory nature and general painful symptoms. Drug therapy includes the use of antibiotic drugs, which are selected on an individual basis, depending on the type of specific pathogen.

In most cases, patients are recommended such antibiotics:

  • Metronidazole;
  • Amikacin;
  • Cefotose.

As a symptomatic treatment, the patient can be recommended anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs, the action of which is aimed at eliminating the characteristic symptoms of the disease and improving the general condition of the patient.

Hormone therapy is prescribed for endometritis that occurs in a chronic form in order to eliminate uterine bleeding, normalize menstruation, and also to restore the reproductive function of the patient's body.

Of great importance for the effective control of chronic endometritis is the strengthening of the immune system and the activation of the body’s own defenses. To do this, patients are prescribed courses of vitamin therapy and special immunostimulating drugs.

It is mandatory for women with diagnosed chronic endometritis to receive a course of physiotherapy, including the following procedures:

  • magnetic therapy;
  • electrophoresis using zinc and copper;
  • laser therapy using low frequencies.
These physiotherapeutic procedures contribute to the normalization of blood circulation processes, accelerated healing and regeneration of damaged tissues, as well as intensive stimulation of ovarian function.

The average duration of treatment for chronic endometritis is 2-3 months. After that, the woman again passes all tests and undergoes a gynecological examination. After the complete elimination of the inflammatory process and the restoration of the mucous membranes of the uterus, you can proceed to planning a pregnancy!

Recipes of traditional medicine

It is possible to treat chronic endometritis with folk methods, if folk remedies act exclusively as a complementary component of the general complex therapy.Before starting treatment it is strongly recommended to consult with your doctor.

The most affective and popular recipes of traditional medicine for dealing with chronic endometritis are:

  1. Chronic endometritis treatment of traditional medicineSea buckthorn swabs- make vaginal tampons with sterile clean cotton wool (you can use pharmacy hygiene tampons) and soak them in sea buckthorn oil for several minutes. Ready sea buckthorn swabs are recommended to be introduced into the vaginal area in the evening, before going to bed. The duration of the therapeutic course is 10 days.
  2. Plantain infusion- for the preparation of this medication, you can use fresh or dry leaves of the plantain. Tablespoon of the medicinal plants need to pour a glass of boiling water, insist for 2 hours and drain. The tincture is recommended to drink before meals, a tablespoon 3 times a day.
  3. Medicinal Cocktail- Mix nettle, pine buds, lavender, wormwood and blueberries in identical proportions. 2 tablespoons of the mixture of healing herbs should be poured with boiling water (one and a half liters) and let stand for about a day. This drug should be drunk 2 tablespoons, before eating, for a month.

Chronic endometritis - gynecological disease, which is fraught with sterility and reproductive disorders. Proper treatment will help get rid of this disease, avoiding the development of undesirable complications and restore female reproductive health!

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  • Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis

    Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis

    Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis

    Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis

    Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis

    Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis

    Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis

    Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis

    Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis

    Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis

    Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis Symptoms and treatment of chronic endometritis