Sneezing during pregnancy: possible causes and characteristics of treatment
During pregnancy, a woman becomes morevulnerable to many infectious diseases. In expectant mothers often appear perspiration in the throat, nasal congestion, as well as sneezing. In pregnancy, this sign can be not only unpleasant, but also dangerous. Today's article will tell you about the reasons for its occurrence. Also, you will learn what can be treated sneezing during pregnancy (in early terms and in subsequent trimester).
Symptom and its causes
Sneezing is a natural reaction of the body,reflex. It arises when exposed to some kind of stimulus. In the normal, normal state, the inner mucosa of the nose is moistened and does not have harmful microbes on its surface. Sneezing is a way to get rid of the last. During the process, a sharp cleansing of the nasal passages occurs. A person, as it were, blows out the contents of the upper respiratory system.
The cause of frequent sneezing can be anything. It is impossible to independently determine the origin of this feature. Therefore, if you are confronted with this, then it is better to see a doctor. Sneeze people can because of the physiology: due to the impact of the environment. Often, itching in the nose occurs due to contact with the allergen, virus or bacterial infection. In each case, sneezing (during pregnancy and in its absence - not the essence) should be treated in many ways. You will learn more about them.
What is dangerous sneezing during pregnancy?
Many future moms are concerned about this condition. They fear that the natural process of cleansing the respiratory tract can harm the new state. Indeed, it happens. During the sneeze, several muscle groups are involved. Among them is the peritoneum department. At short notice, a sharp contraction can at all lead to the threat of interruption. Before giving birth, women complain of urinary incontinence when they sneeze. During pregnancy, the uterus strongly presses on the bladder, and a sharp contraction of the peritoneum provokes a small release of urine. In most cases, there is nothing to worry about. But if this sign (incontinence) persists even after childbirth, you should always contact the doctor.
Frequent sneezing during pregnancy is dangerous not onlymuscle contraction. Also, this symptom may be a sign of infection. Viral rhinitis and itching in the nose are not so terrible. Much more serious is the bacterial infection, which it is almost impossible to eliminate without antimicrobial agents (more about this - below).
Physiology and the effect of external factors
May be caused by environmental influencessneezing. In pregnancy, the mucous membrane of the nose becomes more vulnerable to various kinds of irritants. Dry air increases discomfort and causes itching. As a result, the woman begins to sneeze.
The reflex also appears due to a change in temperature. If you were in the frosty air and entered a warm room, the sneeze begins. The reverse rule also works. Some people (pregnant women are no exception) sneeze because of the bright light. It is enough for them to look at the sun or enter a bright room from the darkness - a reflex immediately appears. All these reasons for sneezing are not dangerous. They do not require medical therapy. It is important only to create comfortable conditions for a future mother.
The most common cause that provokesthe appearance of a sneeze is a cold. Viruses are active throughout the year, but their manifestation is especially pronounced in cold weather. Therefore, the future mother needs to take care of her health in advance and regularly carry out prevention. Viral infection is characterized by a mucous separation from the nose of a liquid consistency. Runny nose is more watery, there is stuffiness.
Features of the treatment of this feature is thattherapy can be carried out folk remedies. A woman needs a generous drink, a well-ventilated room, sufficient air humidity. If the symptom worries much, then you can take antiviral medications. Remember: they must be prescribed by a doctor. To the authorized drugs (during pregnancy) include "Arbidol", "Ocillococcinum", "Viferon", "Grippferon".
Sneezing of bacterial character
Great danger for the future mother and her babyrepresents a bacterial disease. Such pathology has the following symptoms: body temperature within subfebrile values, green thick snot, cough and conjunctivitis are possible. Treatment of such diseases involves the use of antibiotics. In the early stages, you can use natural medicines: garlic and onions, aloe juice. Safe means will also be Miramistin and Pinosol.
If the described tools did not improve the conditionwomen, then chemical medication is required. They should be appointed only by a specialist. In the early stages of pregnancy, any antibiotics are prohibited. Closer to the middle of the term, the doctor may prescribe penicillin agents or macrolides.
Sneezing during pregnancy can be causedallergen. In the role of an irritant, this is the pollen of plants, the coat of domestic animals, food, chemical household additives, and so on. If you know about the possibility of an allergy, it is better to be safe in advance. Talk to the doctor about this issue.
When the symptom has already arisen, it is necessaryact. Allergen can cause considerable damage to the future mother and her baby. Remember that it all starts with sneeze. In the future, the pathology may manifest as a rash, swelling and even anaphylactic shock. Treatment of an allergic reaction is possible only according to the doctor's prescription. If the well-being of the future mother allows, then all antihistamines in the first trimester should be discarded. In the future, such compounds as "Zirtek", "Cetrin", "Azelastin" and some others can be used. It is worth giving preference to drugs of the second and third generations. The first group of antihistamines is used exclusively for life indications.
Tips and Tricks
Often, expectant mothers have abdominal pains withsneezing. At pregnancy of greater terms they are more appreciable, as the ligaments supporting a uterus are strongly stretched. Many women are afraid to sneeze: they clamp their mouth and nose. In this case, the flow of air rushes not outward, but inside. It turns out that pathogenic microorganisms do not go out, but, on the contrary, go deeper. So you can not sneeze. One should alternately close the nostrils and use disposable paper napkins. In order not to get discomfort, during the sneeze accept the most comfortable position. It's better to sit down. Especially the pain is felt if the woman lies on her back.
To minimize sneezing and cleanse the mucous membraneshell of the nose, use saline solutions. They are not contraindicated during pregnancy: "Humer", "Akvalor", "Rinostop" and others. Regular use of them will help you avoid infection.
You became aware of the main causes of sneezing inpregnancy time. If the reflex emerged once, then there is nothing wrong with that. Most likely, this is a reaction to an external stimulus. With frequent sneezing and pain, incontinence consult a doctor.