Skinner War Pigeons

"War Pigeons" Skinner

March 30, 2018

History knows many examples of the use of animals for military purposes. One of these projects, called Project Pigeon (Eng. Project Pigeon), formed the basis for the development of guided missiles. The usual pigeon was used as a guidance system, and the idea itself was based on the bird instinct.

The project was proposed by the famous American scientist and psychologist Berres Frederick Skinner. In the early 40s of the last century, he conducted experiments with pigeons. At the same time, Skinner invented a special box, which was later called the Skinner box. Using the bird's need for food, she was asked to peck at a certain point, while opening a small feeder.


pigeon in the box.

Thus, it was proposed to use pigeons for targeting anti-ship missiles. The essence of the experiment was that instead of a button, the bird was shown the silhouette of an enemy ship. Then the picture began to shift and the dove began to violently peck the screen at a certain point, returning the silhouette to its place. As a reward he received food.In reality, it would look like this: when the rocket left the line of guidance, the bird knocked the TV monitor with its beak and returned the ammunition to its original course. When a rocket hit the enemy ship, the pigeon, of course, died.

The US military has become interested in developing Skinner. Funds were allocated for the project, 25 thousand dollars, for those times a lot of money. The experiments were carried out in the midst of the Second World War, from 1942 to 1944. However, on October 8, 1944, the project was closed. The defense ministry considered that further research in this area hampered other, more important projects.

They returned to the project after the war, in 1948, it was returned under the new name "Project Orkon" (eng. - Project Orcon, an abbreviation of "organic control"). However, this project was closed in 1953. By that time, electronic guidance systems had already reached the required technical level.



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  • Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons

    Skinner War Pigeons