Signs of roseola in children and treatments
Symptoms of the disease
Previously, pediatric roseola did not stand out as an independent disease - it was believed that this was a complex of manifestations of other diseases that had coincided with each other. However, relatively recently, scientists have determined that children's ailment is caused by the herpes virus type 6, which has almost no effect on adults, but is actively attacking immature organisms - roseola is most common among children under two years of age.
The alternative name of the disease is sudden rash, or three-day fever - under such names it can be found in medical reference books.
The symptoms begin with the fact that in a couple of hours in children the temperature rises up to the level of 38.5-40 degrees, which causes their depressed state and complete lack of appetite. In about half of cases, roseola manifests itself in a small swelling of the nasopharynx, accompanied by redness and inflammation.In addition, this childhood disease causes a slight increase in the lymph nodes, which are always clearly palpable around the neck.
However, the symptoms do not include rhinitis, as well as coughing, discharge of tears and other signs of colds. The period during which the roseola is in the active stage reaches 4 days. After this time, the baby roseola completely disappears - in any case, it seems to parents.
Of course, this period does not last long - after 12 hours the disease enters its new phase. Then in children, a small reddish rash appears on the body, which concentrates mainly on the stomach, back and chest. Due to its similarity to another infection of roseola, it was also previously called false rubella - these points have such a character.
To learn more about the manifestation of this symptom, you should look at the following photo.
In children who have suffered a disease, there is immunity, which lasts for a very long time. That is why most adult roseola is not scary - it occurs only in exceptional cases when the human immune system works with very low efficiency.
Despite the apparent danger, manifested in increased temperature, pediatric roseola almost does not threaten the child with any serious consequences. In addition, the body almost always successfully copes with the pathogen, which leads to the absence of the need for specific treatment.
An exception is the case when a child is in a state of depressed immunity for various reasons. In such circumstances, internal administration of the drug Acyclovir can be prescribed, which helps to cope with the virus, significantly reducing its activity and allowing the normal course of roseola to be achieved.
In order for such a childhood disease to cause no complications, it is necessary in the first days to bring down the temperature, while using common antipyretic agents - for example, paracetamol, Efferalgan or ibuprofen.Roseol in children may also require the use of a local anti-inflammatory, if the swelling is large enough and this makes breathing more difficult.
Do not use vasoconstrictor drops, as they can significantly worsen the health of children. On the other hand, it is allowed to use traditional methods of reducing the temperature, as well as general strengthening agents and vitamin complexes for various purposes.
To reduce the intensity of its manifestation, as well as reduce the likelihood of infecting others, air the patient’s room once a day by moving it to another room. If the disease manifests itself in a newborn, it is more likely to breastfeed him so that he receives antibodies from his mother’s milk.
In addition, throughout the period in which childhood illness lasts, let the child drink as much as possible so that he can make up for the loss of fluid.It is advisable not to give water or tea, but the following drinks:
- dried fruits compote;
- herbal drink;
- berry juice.
Symptomatic therapy for the flow of roseola also includes the use of various antioxidants, the most powerful of which is vitamin C. In addition, at high temperatures, roseola can cause nausea and vomiting - in this case, a special diet is necessary, the most gentle for the human digestive system.
Despite the fact that such a children's problem, like roseola, is recognized throughout the world, the famous pediatrician Komarovsky believes that in most cases it is not a question of such a disease. According to him, roseola is often called a simple allergic shock, which occurs when parents, fearing the child’s temperature rises, give him 4-5 different medications. The result is a rash, as well as continuing for some time the temperature, which subsides after a few days.
When parents go to doctors, they prescribe a full range of antihistamines, which allow you to get rid of all the manifestations of allergy, no matter how heavy they are. Of course, Komarovsky admits that in many cases it is exactly roseola that is manifested, but he advises not to rush to start treatment, advising to wait for a more accurate answer.