Rare coins of antiquity and modernity. How to recognize them?
A fascination with numismatics only at first glance seems very profitable. In fact, collectors spend fabulous sums on the purchase of exclusive copies of coins and do not rush to part with them.
You can even have rare coins! Pull the trifle out of your pockets and carefully consider it - it is quite possible that your penny is not enough for coin collectors to complete the rarest collection of coins.
The age of a coin does not always mean its high cost. The true value of a coin depends on several determining factors:
- Image features
- Coverage Status
- Face value
But the main factor affecting the price is the circulation of this coin. There are rare specimens, the circulation of which did not exceed 1000 pieces.
Moreover, the year of issue does not always affect the rarity - at present, such type of coins as jubilee, investment or collectible are produced.They are intentionally minted in small editions, emphasizing the rarity and increasing the value of this coin.
It should be noted that rare coins of the old sample attract the attention of not only amateur numismatists. They are also hunted by collectors of antique antiques.
Based on all of the above factors, coin collectors included the rarest coins of the world in the rating list. After reading the list of 5 unique items, you can be sure that the rarity and the price of a coin does not always depend on its age.
Rare products rightfully headed by a coin of 1 ruble, issued in 1825, otherwise nicknamed the Konstantinovsky ruble. At the moment there are only 6 such instances!
Such a small print run is due to the inaccuracy of coinage: the Mint of the Russian Empire prepared stamps in advance for printing coins after the coronation of Crown Prince Konstantin Pavlovich. However, later it became known that he had previously abdicated the throne, which occupied Nicholas I.
The circulation was immediately destroyed, but in rare quantities rare items managed to get into circulation and survive to this day.
Kopeyka Elena Glinskaya
One of the first kopecks of Great Russia, released in 1535 after the order of the ruler Elena Glinskaya.
The appearance of money is changing - if earlier a man with a saber was minted on pieces of silver, now rare coins are printed with a horse rider hitting a snake with a spear. You can see this pattern now - it decorates the reverse of 50 Russian kopecks.
Five Cents Liberty
The rarest coin of the United States of America is the five-cent head of Freedom released in 1913.
The fact is that until the beginning of the twentieth century, 5 cents were printed with the image of a girl's face - a symbol of freedom - on the obverse of the coin. But in 1913, a new type of coinage was introduced - with the head of an Indian on the obverse.
The embossing of the profile of the girl was accepted then as counterfeiting. Circulation destroyed, and to this day rare coins have reached in the amount of only 5 pieces.
190th anniversary of “Goznak”
In 2008, the St. Petersburg Mint issued only 50 golden jubilee coins with a face value of 25 thousand rubles in honor of the 190th anniversary of the Goznak enterprise. Rare coins are made of pure 999 gold and weighs 3 kilograms with a diameter of 120 millimeters.
Interestingly, the owner of such a coin can pay it off at any store in the country.But hardly anyone wants to part with the product, which costs up to 3 million rubles.
Coin of 50 thousand rubles
Such a product of pure gold weighing 5 kilograms was released in 2010 in honor of the 150th anniversary of the founding of the Bank of Russia.
Now in the world there are only 50 copies. Rare coins are estimated at 6 million rubles apiece minimum.
Rare coins of the Soviet period are also characterized by small circulations. Their appearance is due to errors in the development of stamps, chasing test runs and their subsequent prohibition of distribution.
Below you can see the rare coins of the Soviet era:
- 2 pennies of 1927;
- 20 kopecks in 1934;
- 2 pennies of 1942;
- 15 kopecks in 1947;
- coins of 1958;
- 10 rubles in 1992.
All rare editions are supported by interesting stories. For example, rare coins of 1947 and 1958 on the reverse had a coat of arms with 16 tying ribbons instead of 15.
Many rare circulations refer to the period of the formation of the USSR as a state and are dated to the 20-30s of the twentieth century. This is understandable - it is impossible to introduce a single official monetary system immediately after the formation of the country.Many copies were trial and were not approved later for various reasons.
And rare coins of the 40s are considered to be antiques of wartime. It is known that at the beginning of the war the state economy was in a deplorable state. Leningrad Mint restored its work only in 1942 in the evacuation.
In the same year, only a few hundred coins were issued in denominations of 2 kopecks, and almost all of them were used by soldiers to create home-made lighters. Therefore, the remaining copies of the 2-penny coins of those times are valued very highly.
Coins of Ukraine
Rare coins of Ukraine also belong to the period of the formation of the State Mint and by the time the design of the national currency was in development.
For example, 15 kopecks, issued in 1992 and made of brass, are considered to be a rare coin. This denomination was never released into circulation.
Rare Ukrainian coins were also issued in the following denominations:
- 1 hryvnia in 1992 in coins;
- 1 kopeck and 5 kopecks in 1994;
- 1 hryvnia 1995 coin;
- 2 pennies of 1996;
- 25 and 50 kopecks in 2001.
Rare editions of these coins can give a distinctive sign of the mint, unusual bulge or concavity of patterns on the standard or marriage.For example, a defective 50 kopecks, printed in 1992, are considered a rare coin - their obverse is rotated 180 degrees relative to the reverse.
A similar marriage is observed in the iron hryvnia of the same issue.
Coins of Russia
Rare coins of Russia are shrouded in riddles and secrets. For example, an interesting situation has arisen with the coins of 2001 - officially, this year the Mint did not produce circulations of coins of 50 kopecks, 1 and 2 rubles. But numismatists with amazing frequency find similar specimens.
The same situation is with 5 rubles of 1999 release - so far only one such coin has been found. Therefore numismatists declare that for another 1 of its copies found they are ready to give a fabulous sum.
Below you can explore the rare modern Russian coins:
- 1 ruble 1997;
- 5 rubles 1999;
- 10 kopecks in 2001;
- 1 and 2 rubles of 2001;
- 2 and 5 rubles of 2003.
Rare commemorative coins worth 10 rubles in 2010 are also considered valuable. They depict the coats of arms of the Perm Territory, the Chechen Republic and the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Region.
In 2014, this series was replenished with coins in denominations of 10 rubles with the image of the Sevastopol monument to the flooded ships and the outlines of the Crimea.