President who ate the coffers

President who ate the coffers

In 1979, the armed forces of one of the countries made a lightning coup. By this time there was not a single person in the state who would support the president. The dictator himself lived outside the city, where he slowly fell into insanity. Upon learning that the military were going to arrest him, he fled from the residence, taking with him the entire gold reserves of the country. He burned most of the money, leaving only two weighty suitcases. With them, he fled to the jungle. Two weeks later, he was still arrested. Suitcases were empty. As it turned out, during the wanderings through the jungle, the president ate dollars. For fourteen days, he ate almost two million, leaving the country without a livelihood.

Let's find out about this story in more detail ...

Photo 1.

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Francisco Nguema Ndongi Masias came to power in 1968, and ruled his country for almost 11 years. That was enough to establish a brutal regime, trample an already weak economy and create a reputation as an unprincipled and weak-minded dictator.Before coming to the post of President Ngema Ndonga Equatorial Guinea (then Spanish Guinea) was far from being the most backward state in Africa. Competently established management of cocoa bean plantations allowed the population to live comfortably.

Francisco Nguema Ndongi Masias, descended from the Mongomo region in Rio Muni, the mainland of Equatorial Guinea. He was a man of rather limited abilities, however he was able to make a career in the Spanish colonial administration due to the fact that he expressed personal loyalty to the colonial regime. Nguema, unsuccessfully tried three times to pass the exam, which gave the right to become a public servant. Only for the fourth time, with the obvious help of Spanish officials, he achieved his goal.

It is known that the father of Nguema, as well as his uncle, occupied minor posts in the administration of the city of Mongomo. Here, in 1924, the future president was born. Equatorial Guinea at that time was called Spanish Guinea, and the small population of this region was divided into two categories. The first category is those who support the colonial authorities and live happily ever after.The second category is those who show discontent and have big problems with it. The Nguema family, like himself, belonged to the first category. The parents even had the opportunity to educate the boy by sending him to a Catholic school during one of the local missions. Young Nguema did not show any zeal, or desire, or even interest in learning. He could be called a truant, but “absenteeism” implies that the student, though not always, but still comes to classes. Nguema flatly refused to attend school. As a result, until his death, he never learned to write, but read only from the warehouse.

Photo 2.2

At 36, this narrow-minded and illiterate man was already mayor of Mongomo. Another year passed and in 1961 Nguema became a member of the Assembly of Spanish Guinea. It was, in essence, a colonial parliament that dealt with the internal affairs of the region. Its members, however, were not elected, but appointed. It is known that the Spanish administration trusted Nguema. By 1968, he was already the de facto head of the Assembly. In October, the independence of Equatorial Guinea was proclaimed. As the head of the Assembly, Nguema turned out to be, de facto, the head of the newly formed state.His task was to form a transitional government and hold presidential elections. At the same time, Nguema could count on the help of Spanish “friends” who believed that they were holding an obedient puppet in their hands. In fact, it was a business approach: if you control the country's economy, then you control its president. In a word, Madrid, and not without reason, hoped that the Guinean Spaniards would retain in their ownership numerous plantations that formed the basis of the economy of the young state. Only Nguema himself was not concerned with the development of the economy. But the Spanish financiers, who demanded his fulfillment of promises, prevented him from controlling the country.
Photo 3.

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In February 1969, Nguema took to the warpath. He declared the Spaniards enemies of the state, accused them of trying to deprive the country of independence and called on the people to pay tribute to the "invaders" according to their merits during the years of "colonial terror".

Immediately after this, Spanish pogroms began in Equatorial Guinea. By March, there were almost no Spaniards left in the country. Most of them fled, abandoning their homes and property, others less fortunate - they were killed.Coffee plantations were in the hands of the state, at the top of which changes also occurred. All the most important government posts were given to the relatives of the president. The government was one large family. Former members of the assembly and the transitional government were shot. Soon Ngema proclaimed himself president for life. The Constitution, adopted only in 1973, gave it extremely broad powers, which, however, he had already enjoyed for almost five years.

Nguema broke off diplomatic relations with the United States and Spain and announced a course toward rapprochement with the countries of the socialist camp. But it cannot be said that Equatorial Guinea began to live in accordance with the teachings of Marx-Engels-Lenin. There was a cult of personality Ngema in the country, which he did not share with anyone. He was declared father, leader, liberator, teacher, savior, and so on. All those who disagree with the "general line" were exterminated. Moreover, the military and the police, on which the bet was made, did not even try to hide the terror. Enemies of the regime were shot publicly. As a rule, they were simply pulled out of the house and killed right on the street. There was not that the court, but even arrests.In the meantime, the situation in the country has become almost catastrophic. By the end of the rule of Nguema, the population decreased from 300 thousand to 100, that is, by 66%. The economy has fallen into disrepair. Coffee plantations abandoned by the Spaniards did not develop, only foreign loans saved the country from bankruptcy.
Received them in a very unusual way. As a rule, the military simply took foreign diplomats hostage and demanded a ransom for them. The victims were mainly representatives of African countries. In 1976, in order to take hostages, a detachment of the military stormed the well-fortified Nigerian embassy. In the same year, the National Bank of Equatorial Guinea was abolished. Its directors were publicly executed for “embezzling public funds”. At the same time, through the central channels, it was announced that only its president can honestly keep the country's money. From that day, the currency reserves of Equatorial Guinea moved home to Ngema. At first, the president kept seven suitcases with dollars and folders with securities under his bed. A little earlier in 1974, Nguema declared a crusade against education. People “graduated from universities” were declared enemies of the state.By order of the president, libraries and schools were closed, the publication of newspapers and the publication of books were prohibited.

Photo 5.4

Soon, even the words “intellectual” and “education” were banned. Somewhat later, Nguema forbade professing Christianity. Catholic priests were asked to leave the country within a week. It is known that Nguema simply took the woman he liked as his wife, neither asking permission or consent. Some of his mistresses lived with him on pain of killing their relatives. At least twice Nguema issued a decree on the execution of all former lovers of his mistresses. By 1977, the lifestyle of the president had changed. He left Malabo, the capital of Equatorial Guinea, and moved to a villa outside the city. With him, he took several mistresses and the country's monetary fund. The president found a new store for him - he buried his bags in the ground among the bamboo that grew near the swamp. Soon, Ngema showed clear signs of insanity. It was not possible to establish the nature of the disease, because there was not a single doctor in the country.

The Cameroonian doctor, who examined the president at the request of his family, was shot almost immediately after he left the patient.In the meantime, everything is over in the country, including food and energy. The population was starving, the power plants did not work. The only source of illumination was the sun. After sunset, the country plunged into darkness. So it would be possible to live for quite a long time, if not for one thing, but ... By the time the population ran out of food and drink, the military ran out of money. Officers were always paid their salaries on time, but in January 1979 they, for some reason, did not receive money. In June 1979, a special delegation arrived at Villa Nguema. 12 soldiers who intended to find out why they were no longer paid were shot.
Photo 6.5

In less than 11 years of his reign, the population of Equatorial Guinea has been reduced by more than half. From the original 300 thousand, about 140 remained. However, it was impossible to establish the exact population size. Demographic specialists were shot, the State Bureau of Statistics has not worked for more than five years. Its director was publicly dismembered with the wording "to learn to count." In Equatorial Guinea since the time of Ndong, it was dangerous to be an official. The minister appointed today could be shot tomorrow.At the beginning of the dictator’s rule, Foreign Minister Ndongo Million tried to act as an intermediary between the authorities and the local Spanish population, who were massively evicted from the country. Mione was beaten to death with rifle butts. Education Minister Tatu Masale wanted to stop the closure of schools. He was stabbed to death in front of the president, and the severed head was put on public display. Agriculture Minister Itula Nzena-Moco was an active participant in mass confiscation, an interesting process during which armed people squeezed plantations and lands from the Spaniards. It was a policy of revenge on the former colonial authorities. At Nzena-Moco, things went well at first. At first, this was until President Ndong suspected him of helping the Spaniards. After that the minister disappeared. What happened to him is unknown.

Nguema Ndong generally had his own view on how the state should function. The government that existed under him was rapidly declining. The execution of the minister sometimes did not follow the new appointment. His department simply ceased to exist. Another option - the president himself was appointed to the post of minister.By the beginning of the 70s he headed the armed forces, special services, the Ministry of Public Construction and, of course, his own Cabinet. A little later, Ndong became the mayor of Malabo, the capital of the country, and also took 20 of the 60 seats in parliament. In 1976, the director of the National Bank was executed. The vacant post was taken, of course, by the president himself. From this point on, the treasury and foreign exchange reserves of Equatorial Guinea were transferred to him for storage. Suitcases with money were in his residence. Some of them hid Ndong under the bed.

The constitution granted Ndonga the broadest powers. His decrees automatically received the force of laws. By his decree, he could remove and send not only ministers, but even school teachers to arrest. Arrest is a separate issue. In Equatorial Guinea, he was indefinite. Court sanctions were not required if there is an order from the president. However, with the courts, everything was quite difficult. In the country of those, there were exactly one thing - the Supreme People’s Court, which, of course, was chaired by Ndong. Institutions of district and city scales were provided for by the Constitution, but in fact did not work. Everything was decided by the word of the dictator and nothing else.Ndong personally set prices for products, and could change them every day.

Photo 7.6

The main feature of his reign was bans. The president closed all theaters and libraries, abolished education and forbade wearing glasses. In addition to him, before the ban on glasses only Pol Pot thought. In 1975, the use of printing houses was prohibited. The press in the country almost did not exist. Two government newspapers worked until Ndong closed them as well. By the end of the reign of Ndong, there were no more than ten people with higher education in the country. When it seemed that there was nothing to ban, the president banned excessive consumption of electricity. It was a rare non-linear decree of Ndong.

In the mid-1970s, few Equatorial Guinean power plants were faced with a shortage of workers and resources. The director of one such enterprise had the imprudence to turn to the head of state for help. The directors drowned, the power stations closed, the country plunged into darkness. In Malabo there was no more electric lighting, the sun and the moon were the only sources of light. Autonomous generators worked in the presidential palace and country residence.

In each catholic church hung a portrait of the president. There might not have been an altar, a crucifix or an image of Jesus, but the portrait of Ndong was necessary. This applied even to closed churches. The priests were obliged to talk about him in their sermons and pray for him. Some of the slogans required to pronounce it were: “There is no god but Nguema Ndong Masias”. "God created Equatorial Guinea, thanks to Macias." This continued until 1975, when the president decided that his people no longer needed religion.

Christianity was forbidden, the priests were ordered to leave the country within five days. Malabo Cathedral has become a warehouse of weapons. This outraged the Holy See. Pope Paul VI demanded an explanation. President Ndong threatened to bomb the Vatican. Nguema Ndonga had a special foreign policy. He maneuvered between the USSR and the USA, but did not maintain contact with them. Diplomatic relations were established with two countries - Sao Tome and Principe and the DPRK. From time to time Ndong went on trips abroad. Before his departure, prisoners were shot, in order to intimidate those who could plot a coup.

Photo 8.

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In 1976, Ndong became friends with the equally insane dictator of the CAR Bokassa, who had just declared himself the Emperor. There was also a visit by the President to France, which occurred either in the same 1976, or in 1977. True, they did not know in Paris that the ruler of Equatorial Guinea would arrive. Airplane Ndong miraculously shot down the French Air Force. After landing in Marseille, the president flew back.

The rest of the world community remembered Ndong only when his soldiers took foreigners hostage and demanded a ransom for them. Thus the dictator replenished the treasury. However, by the end of his rule in Equatorial Guinea there was not a single foreigner

Already by 1977 it became clear that the president suffers from dementia and falls into insanity. For months, Ndong did not leave his country residence and did not even communicate with his family. The bodyguard noticed that he was talking to himself. A little later hallucinations began. Ndongu were the ministers killed by him. There was no one to treat the president, he had finished with medicine long ago. The corner of stability remained the armed forces and the police. Their employees are regularly paid salary. While the security forces received money, everything was fine.It does not matter that Ndong became dangerous even for his loved ones and mutilated one of his wives. The real end to the presidency came in June 1979, when he turned against those who carried weapons. 11 officers of the National Guard came to his residence to find out why they have not been paid their salaries for six months already. Ndong acted as usual. The complainants were immediately shot. And then the nephew of President Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, who commanded the National Guard under, made a coup.
Photo 9.8

Theodore Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, current president of Equatorial Guinea

Ndonga did not even protect his own guards. That is how the president found himself in the jungle with the very dollars that were later eaten. Shortly after his arrest, a trial took place.

At the trial, which took place a few days later, Ngeme was charged with the destruction of the financial system of the country, as well as 80,000 murders. Surprisingly, the process on such a complex matter lasted only a few days. On September 28, Ngema was convicted of murdering 500 people, and on the 29th he was shot. The sentence was executed by Moroccan soldiers. The soldiers of the Equatorial Guinea army refused to shoot at Nguema, because they believed that the president was an incredibly powerful sorcerer with immortality.

The country was headed by the same nephew of the crazy dictator Obiang Nguema Mbasogo. He is now 73 years old, and he still rules Equatorial Guinea.

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  • President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers

    President who ate the coffers