Mold on the wallpaper - why it occurs and how to get rid
Mold on wallpaper often occurs in unexpected ways. It manifests itself in the form of dark spots on the walls, which tend to grow rapidly and spread to a large area of walls and ceilings. How to process wallpaper from mold and is it really possible to remove it?
What is harmful mold
Mold fungi can trigger the development of allergies, suppress the immune system of the body, as well as become the root cause of more serious diseases. If a person has chronic diseases, under the influence of a fungus, they can appear in a more acute form.
In addition, it spoils the aesthetic appearance of the room, and also gives it a characteristic unpleasant smell. Sometimes the mold gets on the clothes and things, leaving on them grayish stains that are hard to remove. Houses and apartments where mold localization is observed over a wide area of walls and ceilings are considered unsuitable for living.
Mold on wallpaper: causes
Residents of the first and last floors of houses suffer the most from mold formation. On high floors, mold occurs in corners under the ceiling, and if no action is taken, it will quickly hit other areas of the surfaces. The main reason for the formation of mold on the upper floors is the penetration of water from the outside, caused by unfair finishing and repair work.
On the first floors, mold infection occurs from below - on the floor and the junction of the walls. One of the main reasons is the presence of moisture in the basement. To eliminate the water should contact the housing office.
Mold fungi like warm and humid rooms, so often dark spots appear in the bathroom or in rooms with an abundance of flowerpots and plants that require frequent watering. Badly ventilated rooms are also favorable for the reproduction of fungi.
How to remove mold from the wallpaper
The first step towards getting rid of molds is to ensure an optimal indoor climate. It is necessary to organize a constant flow of fresh air, as well as get rid of high humidity. This can be done with the help of dehumidifiers and ionizers.If you do not eliminate the favorable mildew habitat, it will soon reside on your walls and all methods of dealing with it will be in vain.
Then you need to clean all the affected surfaces from dirt, treat them with a special antifungal agent, throw away all the things the mold has settled on, remove the sources of moisture and adjust air circulation.
How to process wallpaper from mold?
Antiseptic primer. Plus its that it can be easily found in hardware stores. The primer helps to eliminate the mold that is already visible to the naked eye, and also to destroy its spores, which will allow to avoid the appearance of mold lesions in the future. The primer is applied on a clean, dry surface.
It is important to understand that mushrooms can penetrate deep under the plaster and even reach a layer of concrete or brick. Therefore, the walls are often beaten until a clean surface area appears. The antiseptic primer is applied with a brush to the entire surface where the fungus was, for a more reliable effect it is better to additionally treat the area around. After the antiseptic dries, proceed to finishing work, painting the walls or pasting new wallpaper.
Bleach. Effective home remedy in the fight for clean walls. It is less toxic than professional products, but it gives the same good result. Bleach discolors surfaces, so it can be treated with those areas that are hidden from the eyes or those that will later be re-decorated. You need to work only in thick gloves, because bleach can damage the skin on your hands. The liquid is diluted with water at a ratio of 1:10, where 1 is a bleach. It is better to carry out the treatment of the premises in the warm season, when it is possible to arrange a draft, and it is better to leave the apartment for a couple of days.
Vinegar. Mold on the wallpaper can remove ordinary table vinegar. It is a weak acid and copes well with some types of fungi and their spores. Apply vinegar with a sprayer or a damp cloth. An hour later, the treated surface can be wiped with clean water and ventilated the apartment. The procedure is repeated once a week until the complete disappearance of the spots.
Hydrogen peroxide- antibacterial and antifungal agent, so it can also be used as one of the methods to combat mold. This method is good because the peroxide has no smell, which is especially important in homes where children or pets live.Peroxide is suitable for hard surfaces, but the fabric is better not to process it: it also has a whitening effect.
Salve. Suitable for working on solid non-porous surfaces - tiles, furniture, glass. The ammonia is diluted with water in half, rub the affected areas and leave to dry completely. Then it needs to be washed off with clean water.
Soda. Another helper in the fight against fungi, which is always at hand. This cheap, affordable and safe remedy can have a very long-term effect. To prepare the solution, mix 1 tsp. with a glass of water. It is not necessary to wash off the soda: it perfectly cleans the surface and does not emit any hazardous substances.
After all the mold in the house will be destroyed, it is important to prevent its further occurrence. To do this, you must adhere to the following rules:
- provide regular ventilation and change the ventilation system;
- on plastic windows, where condensate is often collected, install a special valve for the inflow of fresh air;
- move furniture away from the walls a couple of centimeters;
- if the cause of increased moisture is water flowing outside - carry out repairs to eliminate the cause, and not regularly deal with the consequences.
Remove mold from the wallpaper - the task, though difficult, but quite feasible. Spending a little time, you ensure your health and return comfort and beauty to your home.