Linear perspective in the work of a photo-graph
The linear perspective takes a huge place inthe process of creating literate, professional photography. We must not forget that the world that surrounds us is three-dimensional, and a two-dimensional photograph should create a sense of volume so that the picture is perceived as a correct and natural image of it. That is why photography is so important in creating perspectives that help to achieve its three-dimensional perception.
How our eyes are arranged
All the ways that you can displayperspective on photography, are based on the properties of human vision. Therefore, it is not so difficult to understand and master them. The photographer needs to constantly train his view, make it "photographic", so that he always remembers the perspective in the process of shooting.
The further, the less
The basic and most understandable law, for clarificationwhich uses perspective in photography, indicates that any objects always look smaller and smaller as they are removed. To master its use, you just need to choose a place of shooting with repeating objects: rows of poles, trees or a long fence.
In order for the linear perspective to becan be better seen in the picture, you need to approach the object from the series as close as possible, so that in the photo it seemed simply huge. Then the sizes of the remaining objects of the repeating series will decrease very significantly, and this will create a strong sense of the depth of the frame.
Linear perspective as lines
Another way to create a perspective is to uselines that go into the depth of the image, transferring the volume of the image. This method is perfectly illustrated by objects forming two or more lines converging in the distance, such as a railway or a multi-lane freeway. To enhance this method of photography, you should choose the lowest possible photo point. From it, the lines will look wider and sharply rush into the interior of the frame to the point of descent.
Relations of different sizes
One of the best ways to display linearPerspectives - the inclusion in the image of objects of different sizes. For example, if people at the foot of the mountain seem to be tiny in the photo, then the enormity and grandeur of this mountain immediately becomes clear. In the same way, trees, animals, machines or other objects are used, the relative dimensions of which are very different compared to each other, the mountains or other areas of the landscape.
Linear perspective in real lifeperceived by the distance between objects. It is not possible to use this in photography because of its two-dimensionality. However, to simulate the volume in a photo, you can use different plans, thereby emphasizing which object is closer, and which is next.
Photographic equipment to display perspectives
In addition to working with the composition, a linear perspectiveamplified using wide-angle lenses, which contribute to an increase in the relative size of objects and display foreground objects larger than usual. When using a telephoto lens, subjects on photos, on the other hand, have the same relationship as in reality.
Using Depth of Field
The linear perspective that is displayedrepetition of multiple objects, can be enhanced if you use a shallow depth of field when shooting. In order to achieve this, a diaphragm from 2.8 to 4 is selected and focuses on any subject in the sequence. This allows you to significantly increase the amount of photos.
Many inexperienced photographers are constantly being photographedeye level, without even imagining that much is lost. If you lie down, sit down or shoot from another low level, the linear perspective of the photo can change very much.
Other types of perspective
A perspective on a photograph can also be depictedtransitions of color shades that often appear between different plans and add extra volume. This method is very useful to apply in landscapes, so that they do not seem flat. There is also an air perspective, which is displayed by reducing the clarity of objects disappearing in airborne or air-dust haze.
Practice and again practice
The most important thing is that it will learn how to apply the techniques outlined here in the process of shooting. No photo-manual will be as useful as everyday practice.