How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground

Planting cabbage

Humanity met cabbage over 4,000 years ago. In Russia, it appeared only in the 13th century and quickly gained popularity; by the 19th century, 22 varieties of vegetables were already divorced. It is actively grown by gardeners, because it is tasty and healthy, still unpretentious in care. If this is your first time facing the challenge of planting a product, this article is for you!

Varieties of cabbage:

Without this vegetable is difficult to imagine every self-respecting garden. Each variety is unique and very useful. Let's clarify the most popular types. grown in our strip:

  • white;
  • red;
  • Beijing;
  • Savoy;
  • Brussels;
  • color;
  • broccoli;
  • kohlrabi

All of them are so different in shape and appearance, however, all this is she, cabbage.

Useful properties of cabbage

The unifying quality of all varieties is the low calorie content of the product, zero fat content, the absence of proteins, carbohydrates, the shocked amount of vitamin C. The vegetable boasts a high content of potassium and the rest of the set of vitamins.It is a powerful antioxidant, an immune defender. It reduces cholesterol levels, has a positive effect on the gastrointestinal tract, removes toxins and excess fluid from the body.

Growing from white cabbage seeds

Top Grades

Before you start growing vegetables, choose the right seeds. It depends on the seed whether your cabbage will be stored in winter or will fit only for seasonal salads. What are your goals? Carefully read the information on the package and read the recommendations written there and read the description of the variety. Recommended names:

  1. Early cabbage varieties: Rinda F1, June, Kazachok F1, Dumas F1.
  2. Cabbage for pickling and fermentation: Glory 1305, Atria F1, Dobrovodskaya, Present, Merchant, Krautman.
  3. Cabbage late for storage: Agressor F1, Mara, Snow White, Valentina F1, Kolobok F1.

When to plant

When to sow cabbage on seedlings? The cabbage planting time varies depending on the variety:

  • early - from March 1-20;
  • mid-season - from April 25;
  • later - from 1-27 April.

Approximately 50 days are needed for growing viable seedlings in the open field.

Growing seedlings

It is very important to grow strong seedlings for a rich harvest. The soil needs special training.It should be fertilized with humus and ashes in the autumn, it additionally disinfects the ground and prevents cabbage diseases.

Pack the seeds for half an hour with warm water, then cool them in the cold - this is fungal prevention.

Spread a bud once and very abundantly before planting and until the emergence of shoots. Excessive moisture at this stage will bring to the disease black leg.

When the seedlings hatch, thin them, first leaving 2 cm, a little later 3 cm. Then the sprouts need to be pickled into individual containers, preferably in peat pots, at least 5 cm in diameter. Do not forget to cut the roots by a third.

By the way, you can initially sow the seeds in individual pots, this method will not damage the roots during transplantation.

Seedlings need to light up the lamp, to water in a timely manner.
The air temperature should be from 8 to 20 degrees Celsius. Cauliflower requires 7-8 degrees more than white cabbage.

In the period of growing seedlings, feed the cabbage more often, it is now very in need of it. For the first time a week after a dive. Water with potassium, superphosphate, the solution should be weak, so as not to burn the roots.

10 days before planting, you need to start hardening, first open the window for several hours, then take the seedlings to the veranda, exposing it to the sun, and gradually reduce watering. When there are 5 leaves, the seedlings are ready for open ground. Before you transplant a vegetable, well spill it. At first, after planting, it is necessary to cover defenseless sprouts from the sun with gauze.

Planting cabbage in the ground

Proper vegetable care is a pledge of wealth. Planting cabbage in open ground requires good preparation. It is required to dig deep the earth, to fertilize it with manure or humus, urea, wood ash, superphosphate. If you have fertilized the soil in autumn, it is enough to fertilize the wells themselves.

One and a half to two months after sowing seedlings, cabbage can be transplanted.

The distance between the holes is at least half a meter, the depth is about 20 cm. Fertilize and pour plenty of soil. Process roots with a growth enhancer (“Kornevin”) and transplant the plant.

Care

Care for cabbage in the open field is to protect young shoots from the sun, feeding, hilling, destruction of pests.Water culture should be in sunny-inactive time.

How to deal with pests

Cabbage pests can cause serious harm, even the extermination of vegetables. The first security measure is to scatter the leaves with a mixture of ash and tobacco dust. This will scare away slugs and midges. Chemistry is better not to use, it will go straight into your body when you start to eat cabbage. You can water the vegetable tincture of cabbage tops, onion peel. If mint, sage, rosemary and other spicy herbs, butterflies, aphids and slugs grow side by side.

Harvesting and storage

Three weeks before collecting heads, stop their watering - the measure will allow you to accumulate fiber in the composition for better storage. With the arrival of the first night frosts, harvest. The vegetable is dug up with roots and dries from excess moisture.

The best conditions for the storage of albumen are in the cellar, there is constant coolness (from –2 to +2) and humidity. It is optimal to provide ventilation or systematic ventilation. Process storage containers with limestone, check for the absence of fungal diseases, mold. Wrap the head in paper.

You have learned about the basic technology of growing cabbage with your own hands. Summarizing, we can designate that the vegetable is a lover of moisture, coolness and shade, timely feeding and processing from pests.

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  • How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground

    How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground

    How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground

    How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground

    How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground

    How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground

    How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground

    How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground

    How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground

    How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground

    How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground How to plant seedlings of cabbage in open ground