How to plant a bow
With the beginning of the summer season gardeners think about plantings and fruitful harvest. It is difficult to imagine a garden without the unconditional owner of the beds - onions.
Onion is loved for unpretentious care, ease of planting, useful properties. It’s hard to imagine a daily meal without the main ingredient. In addition to taste, it is good for health: the content of vitamins, minerals, oils, antioxidants strengthens the immune system, helps with multiple diseases, kills bacteria and viruses.
Let's take a look at how to grow a miracle plant from seeds, how to plant onion seedlings on a turnip and greens into the soil.
Growing onions from seeds
Before planting seeds, determine the best varieties.
Important! Carefully study the shelf life on the packaging, stale goods will not bring benefits, the seed over two years will not rise.
- Stuttgart Riesen;
- Annual Siberian;
- Red Baron
Varieties with multi-nesting, not suitable for annual cultivation, the fruits are subject to deformation.
In order not to plant a barren flower, it is required to check the seeds for suitability. We put some seeds in a damp rag, a package, we place in a warm place. Begin to germinate - the party is good.
Hold the seeds in a weak solution of potassium permanganate overnight to disinfect. A couple of days before sowing, soak the lead in a rag.
As soon as germination begins, dry the chernushka and plant.
How to plant
We make a meter bed, the soil is very loose. Soil quality is the most important factor for the emergence of a delicate product. Sow in the done strips to a depth of one and a half to two centimeters with the same distance between the seeds. If we partly, a small onion will grow, which quickly grows and is not stored for long, if on the contrary, it will be too large. Furrow sprinkled with earth. Fertilize can be peat solution, humus. We cover with polyethylene for successful germination of culture.
How to care
Care is a regular watering up to two times a week, weeding. In July, the landing is no longer necessary to water.
After the appearance of one or two leaves, thinned. Distance one or two centimeters. After the formation of three or four leaves - up to six centimeters.Do not be late with the manipulation, otherwise damage the landing. Shortly before harvesting, feed the land with potassium.
We remove the crop after the appearance of yellowness on the leaves, in July and August.
Harvesting, storage preparation and storage features.We start harvesting onion sets in the second half of July - August (depending on the weather), as soon as the leaves turn yellow by a third of the height. Dry them off moisture, put them in a cloth bag and store them on demand.
How to plant onion sets
Onions - sets - small onions obtained from seeds. You can grow a culture on the garden and on the windowsill. It requires less care and attention.
Before planting, good onions are selected, we warm up body temperature with salt water, we maintain in a solution of manganese.
Before planting we place growth stimulant and copper sulphate. It protects against pests, prevents rot.
Sevok planted in April at an established temperature of 12 degrees. He is not afraid of the cold, but he loves the sun, so ensure the landing with the bright side. It would be good to cultivate the soil with lime or manure, choose one thing.The earth should not be clay; it requires good loosening. Do not plant in the land in which grew garlic, beets, carrots. It is better to plant where tomatoes, potatoes, pumpkins, and zucchini grew.
Even before winter, the earth is dug up and processed by copper sulfate. Spring requires re-loosening and mineral fertilizers.
The distance between the rows is 20-25 centimeters, the depth of landing is up to 4 centimeters. Between sowing distance is 7-8 centimeters.
Onions on a head are required to be watered in arid weather in May and June, a couple of times a week. We strictly weed weeds. When the base of the bulbs becomes thicker, cut off the arrows. Fertilize should begin when the feather grows up to ten centimeters. For these purposes, suitable urea, potassium, phosphorus, superphosphate. In July, the plant does not need to be watered, otherwise it will not pick up the juice and will not ripen.
Collect the "catch" in late July with sunny dry weather, without damaging the integrity of the vegetable. Dry the onion well in the sun, you can spread it in a room on the floor. Store in cloth bags, stockings or boxes.
Onions on greens
Green onion is a tasty and healthy product, as valuable in composition as the bulb. Put it in the garden or in the window.
It is great to decorate dishes with a green onion, or to eat it while it is hung up. Different types of vegetables are planted on the feathers, but there are the most fruitful ones:
- batun bow;
- onion slizun
- onions polyclinic;
These varieties are unpretentious, frost-resistant, but they like light, humus, compost.
There are two main ways of planting onions in greens:
- Bridge way when the bulbs are planted very tightly to each other.
- Belt method - planting vegetables in the long grooves.
Green onions like when they loosen the soil, remove weeds. This allows you to get oxygen to the roots. It is also good to water the land 2-3 times a week during the period of intensive growth.
Watch a video tutorial on how to plant a culture.