How to grow a crystal at home from different substances

Julia Friday
22.12.2015

How to grow a crystal at home from different substances?

Experiments such as growing a crystal with your own hands will help you to feel yourself a jack of all trades - you will learn how to make beautiful home decorations, sweet lollipops and help your children learn the basics of chemistry.

Use of crystals

Such an ideahow to grow a crystal- This is a great opportunity to study the chemical properties of various substances. If you have children at home, be sure to give them the task of growing a crystal at home - not without your help, of course. It will be interesting to children to observe the course of work, learning chemical science in such a fascinating way.

Some experiments will also help you to get decorative details to decorate individual compositions - for example, salt crystals can be excellent decorating materials.

Jewelry from salt crystals

However, it must be remembered that many of the materials used are extremely poisonous - they should not be touched, inhaled fumes.Such substances are unsuitable for use in everyday life - they can only be used for experiments.

Growing crystals can be chosen as a hobby, a fascinating occupation, because in fact the creator never knows which crystal will turn out as a result.

Types of chemicals

At home, the crystal can grow from a variety of substances. Some of them require special treatment: you can work with them only under certain conditions - at a special temperature, lighting, etc. These should include the following materials:

  • salt mora;
  • blood salt;
  • various alum;
  • nickel sulfate;
  • ammonium nitrate.

Alum Crystal

If you are just starting to get acquainted with how to grow a crystal at home, it is better to postpone their use.

However, many work mixes — such as table salt — can be found in any home. It is recommended to begin work with beginners from them.

Salt

There is nothing more simple than growing salt crystals at home!

Salt crystal

To work with this product, you do not need to use any special accessories or equip a workplace with supernatural conditions.

Copper sulfate

Another simple option. Before growing a crystal from copper sulfate, the substance can be bought in the amateur gardeners shop - it is sold as fertilizer.

Copper sulfate crystals

From the master classes presented below, you will understand that working with vitriol is as easy as growing a crystal from salt. The only difference is that the mixture is an active saturated salt substance, so it is undesirable to conduct experiments using running water or any other water - only distilled water is suitable, which you can find in a pharmacy.

Sugar

The only substance you can eat after the experience! Experiments with sugar are absolutely harmless, so you can safely teach children how to grow a crystal, using his example.

Sugar crystals

As a result, you should get delicious sugar candies in the form of frosty crystals - the original replacement for roosters on a stick.

Safety rules

Despite the fact that novice chemists use mostly familiar solutions, such as salt or sugar, everyone must follow certain precautions - the instruction is presented below.

  1. Highlight on the experiences of special dishes, from which you will not eat in the future.Neglect of this item can lead to serious food poisoning.
  2. Each substance should be stored in a separate, hermetically sealed package with a mandatory signature of the contents on the bottle. Keep out of the reach of children and pets in a cool and dark place.
  3. Use protective clothing and gloves.
  4. Work with chemicals emitting vapors into the air should only be carried out near powerful extracts.
  5. When the acid gets on the skin, it is necessary to sprinkle the place with weak alkali (water diluted with baking soda) and vice versa - it is easy to neutralize alkaline solutions with an acid like citric acid.

Lemon acid

Such skills are very useful when working with hazardous chemicals. Over time, you will bring the implementation of this instruction to automatism and you can not worry when you want to use hazardous mixtures instead of regular salt or soda to grow a crystal.

Salt crystals at home

After theoretical advice, you can go to the part where you learnhow to grow a crystalfrom salt. Prepare unlimited water - it is better to use distilled (purified from any additives),so that the substance does not react with any impurities. However, ordinary running water will do.

In addition, you will need a small saucepan, glass jar (jar, glass), silk thread, a packet of salt.

  • Put a saucepan over water on medium heat. Heat water, but do not bring to a boil.
  • Start pouring salt in water in small portions, stirring constantly. Each time pour a new handful after the previous one is completely dissolved.
  • Preparation of the solution ends when the salt has completely ceased to dissolve in water - this means you have prepared a concentrated mixture.
  • The concentrated composition is poured into a transparent glass container and leave to stand for about a day.

Concentrated solution

  • Free time is necessary that all the smallest, undissolved particles settled to the bottom. In the photo you can see how the salt precipitate is obtained.

Sediment at the bottom of the can

  • Take a thread or a cord, tie it around a long thin wand, which you can put on the neck of a glass container.

Lace preparation

  • The length of the lace should be less than the height of the vessel, so cut off the excess.

Determining the length of the lace

  • Dip the thread in the water in a suspended state so that it does not touch the walls of the can and sediment at the bottom.

Installation design

  • Leave the experience in this state for 1-3 weeks.

Counting Experience Time

  • After a couple of days, you will notice an increase in small crystals on a string. The experience in this case is interesting just by observing how much a crystal grows over a certain period of time.

Crystal growth

  • Instead of the usual thread, you can drop a large piece of salt suspended on a string into a glass. In this case, the substance will grow around it.

Fouling of the finished crystal

You can either grow a crystal of a certain shape or arbitrary. To control the appearance of the substance, apply a thin layer of fat or petroleum jelly on one side of the crystal - you will see that there will be no gain.

If desired, salt can be replaced with other substances - for example, according to the same technology, it is easy to prepare crystals from soda or copper sulphate.

How to grow a crystal from sugar?

If you set a goal to learn how to grow a crystal from sugar, you will be pleasantly surprised by the result - beautiful sweet candies that will delight children and pleasantly surprise adults during tea drinking. An interesting way to use them is to stir the tea. So you get and stick for stirring, and sugar sweetener.

Sugar sticks

  • Prepare a concentrated solution of sugar in the same way as in the experience with salt - sugar should stop completely dissolving in warm water.Then pour the hot syrup into a transparent dish.
  • When the solution is ready, start preparing chopsticks. Tie one wand to the other crosswise so that the first one is lowered into the pot, and the other is holding on to its neck.

Preparation of skewers

  • Dip your wand into the syrup - it should not touch the bottom.

Dip in syrup

  • Leave the structure in a dry and warm place - you will notice in a day how the crystals will start to appear in the liquid.

Sugar crystallization

  • About a week later you will get ready-made sugar skewers. Enjoy your meal!

Colored lollipops

If you want the candy to turn out to be colored, when pouring hot syrup add some food coloring to each jar.

Such sweets can be a nice present for your close ones for the holidays - such sweet chopsticks can be added to a present for the New Year or Birthday.

To find outhow to grow a crystalfrom copper sulphate, watch the following video.


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  • How to grow a crystal at home from different substances

    How to grow a crystal at home from different substances

    How to grow a crystal at home from different substances

    How to grow a crystal at home from different substances

    How to grow a crystal at home from different substances

    How to grow a crystal at home from different substances

    How to grow a crystal at home from different substances

    How to grow a crystal at home from different substances

    How to grow a crystal at home from different substances

    How to grow a crystal at home from different substances

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