For which the worker of the Soviet catering was sentenced to death
Bella Borodkina in the 1970s and early 1980s headed the Gelendzhik catering, was considered a respected person. And then suddenly she was arrested and sentenced to death.
In what the employee of a public catering was guilty - further under a cat.
Bella Naumovna Borodkina began her journey to success as a simple barmaid in Gelendzhik. When her husband died a few years after the wedding, the woman plunged into work.
Borodkina’s successful career (maiden name is King), who didn’t even have a full secondary education, began serving as a waitress in Gelendzhik public catering in 1951, then she successively took the place of the barmaid and head of the canteen, and in 1974 she took her dizzying takeoff to the nomenklatura post head of the trust restaurants and canteens.
Such an appointment could not have taken place without the participation of the first secretary of the CPSU city committee, Nikolai Pogodin, his preference for candidacy without special education was openly questioned by anyone in the city committee,and hidden motives for choosing a party leader became known eight years later.
When high-ranking guests came to Gelendzhik, only Bella Naumovna trusted them to treat them. After all, only she knew how to dispose in the kitchen so that the tables were simply full of dishes and delicacies.
In exchange for such a “hospitality”, Bella Borodkina acquired high-ranking patrons who closed their eyes to the machinations dealt with by the owner of Gelendzhik catering. But there was something to pay attention to.
Bella Borodkina started her way from the bottom, so she knew very well how the "Soviet cuisine" was arranged. At that time it was difficult to find an institution where the portions would be brought full, and customers would not be hung. Being at a high post, Bella herself taught workers how to dilute cognac with cheap old-fashioned (strong rye vodka), and tint tea and coffee with burnt sugar. Such savings turned into tens of hundreds of rubles, which went into Borodkina’s pocket.
Moreover, all the canteens and restaurants of the trust, which Bella Naumovna managed, were to bring her a daily “tribute”. If someone refused to pay, he was immediately removed from office.Borodkina passed part of her income "upstairs", and from this she was confident of her invulnerability. The environment called her "Iron Bella".
Bella Borodkina - Head of the Trust of Restaurants and Dining Rooms in Gelendzhik
This continued until 1982. Then in the Soviet Union began to appear video recorders and, accordingly, videotapes. The films were shown to those who wanted it underground and for money. And those who wanted to see the "strawberry", laid out for it several times more. It is worth noting that a period was provided for showing pornographic products. When several distributors were detained in Gelendzhik cafes, they immediately pointed to Iron Bella, claiming that the films were shown with her knowledge.
It would seem that Bella "pierced" on the sheer nonsense, if we compare the scale of her machinations. But for some reason, the police seized on this particular episode. In fact, the "disassembly" were at the very top. Tensions between supporters of Brezhnev and Andropov grew. And when Yuri Andropov, in November 1982, took the helm of the USSR, he immediately launched a campaign against corruption in the Kuban.
Gelendzhik. Restaurant "Mayak"
1st Secretary of the Krasnodar Krai Committee of the Party S.Medunov was under the personal patronage of Leonid Ilyich, so after his death the prosecutor's office was actively engaged in the affairs of Medunov and his closest entourage, which included Bella Borodkina.
The episode with the banned films was the formal reason for the arrest of "Iron Bella". When representatives of law enforcement came for her, Mrs. Borodkina even smirked - they wouldn’t have to apologize to her. But the woman was not released the next day, or even a week later. The patrons, who for so many years allowed her to carry out large-scale machinations, were now in an even worse situation.
“During this period [from 1974 to 1982], being an official in a responsible position,” the indictment says in the case of Borodkina, “repeatedly, personally and through intermediaries in her apartment and at work, she received bribes from a large group of subordinates of work. From the bribes she received, Borodkina herself transferred bribes to the responsible employees of the city of Gelendzhik for their assistance and support in her work ... Thus, over the past two years, she was given to the secretary of the city committee Pogodin with valuables and food for 15,000 rubles. " The latter amount in the 1980s was approximately the cost of three Zhiguli cars.
In the investigation materials, a graphical scheme of corruption interrelations of the director of the trust, compiled by employees of the USSR Prosecutor General’s Office, is attached. It resembles a thick web with Borodkina in the center, to which numerous threads from Gelendzhik, Kavkaz, Yuzhny, Platan, Yacht restaurants, canteens and cafes, pancakes, barbeque and food stalls stretch, and from her diverge to the Communist Party City Committee and the City Executive Committee, the BHSS department of the city ATS (the fight against the embezzlement of socialist property), to the regional trust and further to Glavkurorttorg of the RSFSR Ministry of Trade.
The well-known Kuban historian, writer and TV journalist Vladimir Runov, who is well aware of the details of this criminal case, notes that employees of the Gelendzhik public catering — directors and managers, bartenders and bartenders, cashiers and waiters, cooks and freight forwarders, cloakroom attendants and porters — were all tied with "tribute" , everyone knew how much he should transfer money through the chain, and also about what awaits him in case of refusal - the loss of the bread position.
Borodkina, while working in different areas of public catering, perfectly mastered the methods of cheating consumers in order to get "left" income,practiced in the Soviet trade, and put them in her department on stream, recalls Vladimir Kalinichenko, an investigator for particularly important cases under the Prosecutor General of the USSR in 1979-1991. It was common to dilute sour cream with water, and liquid tea or coffee to tint with burnt sugar. But one of the most profitable frauds was the abundant addition of bread or cereal to minced meat, a reduction in the established norms of meat for cooking first and second courses. "Saved" in this way, the head of the trust transferred the product to the barbecue for sale. For two years, according to Kalinichenko, Borodkina earned 80,000 rubles only on this.
According to the testimony of Boris Abakumov, a former subordinate to Borodkina, manipulation with alcohol served as another source of illegal income. Here, she also did not discover anything new: in restaurants, cafes, bars and buffets, the traditional “underfilling” was widely used, as well as “theft of the degree”. For example, the visitors of the pub simply didn’t notice a drop in the strength of vodka by diluting them by two degrees, but the workers of trade brought big profits. But it was especially beneficial to add cheaper “starku” (expensive rye vodka, infused on apple or pear leaves) into expensive Armenian cognac.According to investigator Kalinichenko, even the examination could not establish that the brandy was diluted.
The primitive calculation was also habitual - both for individual visitors to restaurants, bars, buffets and cafes, as well as for large companies. The musician Georgy Mimikonov, who played in the restaurants of Gelendzhik in those years, told Moscow TV journalists that whole weekend crews from Siberia and the Polar region flew here in the holiday season, as the musician put it. The counting of such clients went to tens and hundreds of rubles.
Berta, she's "Iron Bella"
In those days, the Black Sea resorts took over 10 million holidaymakers per year, serving as a gold mine for the resort mafia. Borodkina had her own classification of people who came to rest in Gelendzhik. Those who filmed corners in the private sector, lined up in cafes and canteens, and then left complaints and suggestions in the book of complaints about the quality of food in catering establishments, wrote about the calculation and “underfilling”, she, according to her former colleagues, called rats . The Gorkomov's “roof” in the person of the first secretary, as well as the inspectors of the OBKhSS, made it invulnerable to the discontent of the mass consumer, whom Borodkin considered solely as a source of “left” income.
Borodkina showed a completely different attitude to high-ranking party and government officials who came to Gelendzhik during the holiday season from Moscow and the Union republics, but here she pursued primarily her own interests - the acquisition of future influential patrons. Borodkina did everything to make their stay on the Black Sea coast pleasant and memorable. Well-known Sochi journalist Igor Sizov says that Borodkina, as it turned out, not only provided the nomenklatura guests with scarce products for picnics in the mountains and boat trips, covered tables full of delicacies, but she could invite young women to the men's company. Her "hospitality" for the guests themselves and the party's fund office cost nothing - Borodkina knew how to write off expenses. These qualities in her appreciated the first secretary of the Krasnodar Regional Committee of the CPSU, Sergei Medunov.
According to Runov’s testimony, among those who had given Borodkin their patronage were even members of the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Soviet, as well as the secretary of the CPSU Central Committee, Fyodor Kulakov. When Kulakov died, the family invited only two people from the Krasnodar Territory to his funeral - Medunova and Borodkina.For a long time, communications at the very top provided Borodkina with immunity against any revisions, so she was called “Iron Bella” behind Gelendzhik’s eyes (Borodkina did not like her own name, she preferred to be called Bella).
Bella Borodkina - one of three women sentenced to be shot in the USSR
When the search was conducted in Bella's apartment, the police were shocked by what they saw. Her home resembled a warehouse: everywhere there were heaps of crystal, furs, scarce sets of linen, precious jewelry, and gold. And money ... a lot of money. Bundles of bills were found in clothes, rolled up banks, in batteries. Total found more than 500 thousand rubles. By Soviet standards - it was huge money.
Bella Borodkina spent in prison a whole year. During this time, she was unrecognizable: from a respectable lady she turned into a hunted old woman.
During the investigation, Borodkina attempted to feign schizophrenia. It was “very talented,” says Chernov, but a forensic examination recognized the game and the case was transferred to the regional court, which found Borodkin guilty of repeatedly accepting bribes totaling 561,834 rubles. 89 cop. (Part 2 of Art. 173 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR). According to art.93-1 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR (theft of state property on a large scale) and Art. 156 h. 2 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR (consumer fraud), it was justified "for the insufficient evidence of the defendant's involvement in the commission of a crime." She was sentenced to exceptional punishment - to be shot. The Supreme Court of the USSR upheld the sentence. The convict did not file a petition for pardon.
Borodkina was let down just by what she was very proud of - acquaintance with high-ranking people, whose names she constantly played up, believes Runov. According to him, in the current situation, the former patrons were interested in silencing Iron Bella forever - she knew too much. She was not just disproportionately punished for crimes.
In August 1983, a woman was shot, too much "uncomfortable" she knew about senior officials from the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.