DIY magic: learning to make a kaleidoscope
It has been proven that looking at a kaleidoscope is useful not only for children, but also for adults, as it has a psychotherapeutic, balancing effect on the brain, develops the imagination, improves the ability to concentrate, memory and coordination of movements. Do you want this interesting device to appear in your home? Next you will see a master class on how to make a kaleidoscope with your own hands.
How to make a kaleidoscope with your own hands
In the process, you will need the following materials:
- A tube made of cardboard (about 5 cm in diameter): a stick base is suitable, on which foil is usually wound, food film, paper towels. In extreme cases, you can pick up a narrow plastic bottle in the shape of a cylinder. The length of the tube does not matter.
- Three strips with a mirror surface: they can be made from a mirror cardboard, plastic, foil, mirror glass. If the kaleidoscope is small, they can be cut from ordinary CDs.And the easiest way is to contact the glass workshop, where you will make ready-made strips. They should be about a centimeter shorter than the cardboard tube base.
- Transparent plastic: a film for flowers, a cover from sour cream in cups, or a flat part of a plastic bottle.
- Material for creating patterns: it can be tiny pieces of glass, beads and glass beads, sequins, small colored pebbles and more.
- cardboard or heavy paper;
- the pencils;
The main detail, without which you can’t do a kaleidoscope with your own hands, is the so-called system of mirrors. Here we need a material with a mirror surface.
We make a mirror prism
- First, draw on paper a circle with a diameter of 5 centimeters (or less, depending on how large your tube is).
Inside, draw an equilateral triangle so that its corners touch the circle.
Measure the side of the triangle.
- Transfer the resulting length to the mirror material (we have a mirror board, and you further proceed from your choice) - each width of the strip will be equal to it. Their length, as we recall, is 1 cm shorter than a cardboard tube.
- Cut 3 strips of cardboard and assemble them into a triangular design, as in the photo. If you took a mirror glass, use a glass cutter, a hand-made knife is suitable for plastic. There is an option to stick a foil on ordinary cardboard so that it later finds itself inside a triangular system.
- How to glue the plate in a triangle? Lay them close together so that the reflective surface looks down. With adhesive tape, fasten the plate seams on the long side, then lift the structure, connect the first and third plates - and apply the adhesive tape again when gluing the joint. Wrap the whole part with it so that it keeps together.
- Insert the mirror system into the cardboard tube. The prism should come in tightly and not hang out, but if this happened, then lay a layer of paper or foam rubber between the walls.
Create a cassette with a filler
The next step in how to make a kaleidoscope with your own hands is to make a special cassette with beads, glasses and other materials at hand, from which the children's kaleidoscope will then generate patterns.
- From transparent plastic, cut three circles with a diameter like that of a cardboard tube. Try to do without the compass: the needle will make a hole in the plastic cup, and this will then interfere with looking into the kaleidoscope.
- Place the cardboard cylinder on the table so that the mirror prism becomes equal to its lower part, and the upper edge of the prism does not reach the external cut by 1 centimeter.
- Place one transparent disc on top of the prism. If cracks remain, glue them through so that the resulting film covers all gaps.
- Cut a thin long strip out of paper and roll it into a roll like serpentine. The width of the strip should be about the same as the average height of your pebbles, beads, and other small things for future patterns. The resulting piece of paper can be put on a plastic circle, and can be glued to make it more reliable.
- Pour out your filler somewhere on two thirds: beads, beads, sequins, etc. They should be in one layer. Do not overdo it: the lack of free space will not allow your little glasses to sleep.
- Put the second plastic circle on top - a paper roll will support it,which we did above, like a rung.
- Cut a circle of the same diameter from tracing paper or parchment so that the kaleidoscope patterns have a light background. All properly tape together.
How to make a kaleidoscope eyepiece
- The last detail, without which you will not learn how to make a kaleidoscope with your own hands and cannot look at it, is an eyepiece.
- Turn the cardboard base over and put the third transparent circle on the cut.
- For the same pattern, cut a circle of cardboard of dark color. Here you can use a compass, and then cut a center hole for viewing along the point from the needle. It should be placed on top of a plastic disk and secured to the sides with tape so that nothing falls out.
- You want to make a children's kaleidoscope more bright - decorate the base with colored paper, paste over with sparkles, foil.
That's all, now you know how to make a simple children's kaleidoscope with your own hands! If desired, it can be opened to replace or add glass and pebbles. However, be careful: fasten the ends of the kaleidoscope well, so that the children cannot reach and swallow the filler details.
Another way to make a children's kaleidoscope is if you don't have a cardboard tube or mirror stripes,See in this video: