Cannes - a simple way to decorate the garden with luxurious flowers
Planting flowers is carried out on a sunny, sheltered from the wind. They dig up the soil, fertilize it and water it plentifully. Fertilizers are used phosphate or nitrogen, use the same manure, humus, compost.
Before planting, you can prepare a hot litter of manure - in a hole 30 × 30 cm and a depth of 70 cm they place fresh horse manure, filling them with a hole 3/4, layer thickness - not less than 20 cm.
You can multiply garden cannes for planting in two ways.
1. Reproduction rhizomes. In late September, the plant with a small lump of earth carefully dug. Placed in a dark cool place until spring, care for the rhizomes is to periodically check for rotting. In late March - early April, the rhizomes are divided into parts, each of which must have at least 2 buds.The cut sites are powdered with crushed coal or wood ash for disinfection.
Delenki grow up in sawdust or in an earth mixture consisting of equal parts of peat, black soil and sand, you can grow them at home. But it is better to place the plants horizontally until the roots are formed. Storage is carried out at a temperature of from +20 to +24 ° C.
After the appearance of 1 - 2 sheets, the temperature is lowered to +16, provide good lighting. The treatment is carried out by watering the plants with a solution of potassium permanganate (0.2 g per liter of water) once every 10 days, if signs of fungal diseases (yellowing leaves, rotting) become noticeable, and watering is more frequent.
When spring frosts are left behind, cannes are planted in open ground.
2. Growing seeds.Plants planted in the garden in this way, in many cases, give a significant deviation from their variety.
In February, cann seeds are kept in the snow for 2 hours, then scalded and scarified, i.e., they damage their shell to facilitate germination. You can do it like this:
- to grind with large river sand;
- make a shallow cut;
- make a note;
- to pierce
Photos and videos of this process can be easily found on the Internet.
Cannas are planted by sowing seeds in the form of seedlings, seedlings appear after a month. Flowers dive (transplanted into 13 - 15-inch pots). Planted in the ground in late May.
How to plant
Thermophilous sprouts can destroy the morning frost in the garden, so they should be planted in the heated land. In mid-latitudes, this is done in spring, around early April. In the north, it is better to make a preliminary landing in a heated greenhouse or a pot with wet peat or sawdust, and after the buds are transplanted into growth in the ground.
Plants are planted at a distance of 40 - 80 cm from each other, the minimum allowable distance is 30 cm. Sprouted cannes from the container are planted in a hole with a depth of 10 - 15 cm, depth for non-sprouted 5 - 7 cm.
How to care
Cannes care is easy. A flowering plant needs abundant watering and regular removal of dried leaves and flowers.In the autumn, after the leaves gradually begin to fall, you need to reduce the volume of watering.
2-3 times per season, cannes must be fed with mineral fertilizers — about 50g of a mixture of 15 g of nitrogen, 20 g of phosphorus and 10 g of potassium per m2 is taken. Granulated scatter on well watered earth, loosen it.
Excessive care and excessive watering can lead to bacterial diseases, manifested in the form of blackening of buds and the appearance of white spots on the leaves, gradually darkening.
Insecticides will help fight the caterpillars that damage the leaves in the garden. In general, in conditions of a midland pest, garden canna is rarely affected.
Before frost, you need to have time to spud the flowers high to prevent the root necks from freezing. Rhizomes are left in the ground for the winter only in regions with a mild climate, in other cases they are dug out, cut off the stems of plants (leave 20 cm), dried for about 2 days, removed for storage at a temperature below 10 ° C.
Compliance with these fairly simple rules will help you for a long time to enjoy the view of exquisite exotic flowers.