7 best computer games for kids
Today, our children spend a lot of time on computer and computer games. If you do not control this process, they will play for several hours a day, and in the evening they will become agitated, irritated and uncontrollable. The daily regimen will be disturbed, sleep will become restless, the child will wake up endlessly, wake the parents.
Often we hear such questions: “Isn’t the computer dangerous for my child?”, “Limit or allow computer games for children?”, “How long can children play computer games?”, “Does the computer interfere with the normal development of children?” Let's try to figure out what computer games are for children and whether there is any benefit from them.
Computer games for children are of three types:
2. Educational (cognitive).
Computer training and educational games provide some cognitive or educational information in an interesting and entertaining way. All negative reviews about computer games are entertaining, which should be used to the best of measure, like any other form of entertainment.
Adventure computer games
Visually, these games are designed as an animated film, but with interactive features - the ability to control the course of events. To solve the tasks set in them, it is necessary to have good ingenuity and developed logical thinking. The main help in these games are the finds - various objects that the character encounters while traveling in the game space of numerous levels.
When choosing such games for your child, you need to know that the balance between complexity and ease of solving puzzles is important for the entertaining nature of adventure games. If the tasks are too difficult for the child, he will quickly lose interest in the game; if it is too light, it will quickly go through the whole game and will not experience the sense of satisfaction inherent in a person from overcoming difficult obstacles.
The main goal of strategic games is to manage troops, energy, minerals or other similar resources. However, it is often necessary to carry out not only long-term planning, but also to monitor the current situation.These games are quite complex, but they develop fine motor skills in the child, perseverance and ability to plan their actions, as well as train multifactorial thinking.
Arcade computer games
A characteristic feature of arcade games is the level-by-level splitting of the game, when the reward and goal is the right to move to the next episode or mission. As a rule, at the end of each mission, the player must win a major victory.
Also for these games is characterized by a system of points and bonuses (additional awards), provided for the speed of passage, a victory over an opponent or finding secret doors or objects. Arcade games train the eye, attention, reaction speed, but for preschool children, time limits are recommended.
Role-playing computer games
In the games of this genre, at the disposal of the child there is a small detachment of characters, each of which performs its own separate role or function. The goal of the heroes is to jointly explore the virtual world and complete the task set at the beginning of the game. The task may be finding treasure, treasure or spells.
The way to achieve the intended purpose usually block the various obstacles and pests of different colors, which must be overcome by force or cunning. Here it is manifested the main principle of role-playing game - using the right character at the right time and right place.
Briefly, the motto of these games can be expressed in the following words: “Kill them all!” This is a purely entertaining type of games that develop only motor functions and hardly develop cognitive, while they are questionable in terms of developing thinking and especially moral education.
In these games, especially a sense of proportion should be observed, not only children but also adults.
Most children of preschool age are interested in puzzles, if, of course, they are available to them. The usefulness of logic games that they develop logical thinking skills. Most often, such a game is a single task or a set of several puzzles that need to be solved.
Typical representatives of this genre are a variety of tasks for rearranging figures or drawing pictures.Recently, there are more and more high-quality various logical computer games designed for pre-school age, with the goal of teaching children counting, reading, writing and other skills.
The simulator game (otherwise - the simulator) has in its name some prefix, for example: auto, air, sport, etc. tanks, submarines, real and fantastic spacecraft.
There are other classifications of computer games, but it cannot be categorically stated that some games are bad in terms of education, while others are good.
How to choose computer games for children
When choosing a computer game for their child, parents often do it at random, for a beautiful design and an intrusive advertising brochure. However, this should be considered last. A game or educational computer program, first of all, must be age-appropriate and train the child’s memory. Usually they are divided according to the following principle - from 3 years to 5, from 5 to 7, from 7 to 12.
First of all, choose the genre of a computer game in accordance with the temperament and inclinations of the child: calm, measured games are more suitable for one child, active and dynamic for others.
Allow longer to play games with research content than with entertainment. If the child takes the initiative, tries to solve the problem, analyzes the situation and draws conclusions from it - such a game undoubtedly contains elements of research.
Do not interrupt the game of the child until the end of the episode - the kid must leave the computer with the consciousness of successfully completed work.
Try to ensure that the child learns the main principle of the duration of playing sessions - you cannot play games to the detriment of vital activities, such as sleep, food, rest, physical education, games in the fresh air, etc.
How much time can children spend at the computer?
Without prejudice to health, children can continuously work at the computer in just 15 minutes! After this time, it is advisable to take a break for preventive gymnastics (ophthalmologic examination).
Short gymnastics - about one minute, is simple and accessible to everyone:
one.At the expense of 1-4 close your eyes, without straining the eye muscles, at the expense of 1-6 wide open eyes and look into the distance. Repeat 4-5 times.
2. Look at the tip of the nose at the expense of 1-4, and then look into the distance at the expense of 1-6. Repeat 4-5 times.
3. Without turning your head, slowly make circular movements with your eyes up-right-down-left and in the opposite direction: up-left-down-right. Then look into the distance at 1-6. Repeat 4-5 times.
4. Keeping your head still, translate a glance, fixing it, at the expense of 1-4 up, at the expense of 1-6 straight; then likewise down-straight, right-straight, left-straight. To make the movement diagonally in one and the other side, shifting the eyes directly to the score 1-6. Repeat 3-4 times.
5. Without turning your head, with your eyes closed, “look” to the right at 1-4 and directly at 1-6. Raise your eyes up to a score of 1-4, lower it down to a score of 1-4, and direct your eyes directly to a score of 1-6. Repeat 4-5 times.
6. Look at the index finger, removed from the eyes at a distance of 25-30 cm, and at a score of 1–4, bring it closer to the tip of the nose, then look away into the distance at 1–6. Repeat 4-5 times.
Arrangement of space for a computer
The chair must be with back.
The table on which the computer stands should be placed in a well-lit place, but so that there is no glare on the screen.
Landing straight or slightly tilted forward, with a slight tilt of the head. To ensure the sustainability of the landing, the child must sit on a chair, relying on 2 / 3-3 / 4 the length of the thigh.
Between the body of the body and the edge of the table, a free space of at least 5 cm is maintained. The hands lie freely on the table. The legs are bent at the hip and knee joints at a right angle and are located under the table on the appropriate stand.
The computer should be placed in a corner or back surface against the wall.
In the room where the computer is used, daily wet cleaning is necessary. Therefore, the floor in it is not necessary to close the carpet or carpet.
Before and after working on the computer, wipe the screen with a lightly moistened clean napkin or sponge.
It is believed that our green friends - cacti - also help reduce the negative impact of the computer.
Do not forget to ventilate the room more often, and an aquarium or other water tanks increase the humidity of the air.