10 incredible cracking stories
1. Kilometer crack in the ground, which appeared in the north-west of Mexico
Earthquakes of varying intensity occur every day in the world. So, in August 2014, near the city of Hermosillo, located in the north-west of Mexico, a huge crack about a kilometer in length and more than seven meters deep appeared in the ground.
Many researchers believe that the cause of the appearance of a giant crack is water. According to Inocente Guadalupe Espinosa Maldonado, head of the department of geology at Sonoran State University, a crevice could have formed because of a dam built by local farmers: most likely, an underground stream arose under the embankment, which led to the collapse of the ground.
Scientists from the Institute of Geology at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (Hermosillo) exclude the fact that an anomalous crack appeared as a result of an earthquake - a low level of seismic activity is observed in the northwestern region of Mexico, and the ground on both sides of the cleft is strictly at the same level.
2. A person who does not have a line that separates the buttocks
In January 2014, a user of the social news site Reddit under the name “TBoneTheOriginal” openly announced that he did not have a line that separated the buttocks, and published a photo confirming his words. His story was the basis of the plot of one of the series of a television show called "Doctors" (eng. "The Doctors").
In the comments under the post “I have no buttcrack” (in Russian it sounds like “I don’t have a line that separates the buttocks”) left on Reddit, TBone explained that the cause of the strange anatomical anomaly was the “severe form of pilonidal cyst”. “I had several operations, but it did not help. Then the plastic surgeon suggested that I literally sew the buttocks. However, the cyst continues to evolve further, and with age this problem will most likely only get worse. ”
3. Cosmic strings
Can there be cracks in the universe? Some scientists believe that yes. Such topological defects are called cosmic strings and are one-dimensional fault lines in the space-time continuum, consisting of pure energy, and not mass.
Supposedly, cosmic strings formed immediately after the Big Bang, while the Universe was in the process of cooling.
How thin are these one-dimensional cracks? They are thinner than a proton, but one string and a half kilometers long can weigh more than the Earth.
Scientists have provided indirect evidence of the existence of cosmic strings after studying quasars - incredibly bright galaxies, in the center of which are supermassive black holes. Without exception, quasars can emit powerful energy jets in a certain direction, which can be distorted under the influence of massive ring structures existing in the Universe. The only thing that is known about these colossal structures is that they directly contribute to the formation of cosmic strings.
Scientists estimate that there are billions of cosmic strings in the universe.
4. A rift in the ocean where amazing sea creatures live
The Mariana Trench, located in the western part of the Pacific Ocean, is over 2500 kilometers long. This very narrow cleft at the bottom of the ocean has a depth of 11 thousand meters. It was formed millions of years ago as a result of the shift of tectonic plates.
Despite the fact that the water pressure in the Mariana Trench can reach 8 tons per square inch, a huge number of amazing living creatures live here. Among them are pink sea cucumber (Enypniastes eximia), drop fish, Wedderfish and the house shark.
5. Cracked bell, which became a symbol of the American struggle for independence
The symbol of the American struggle for independence from Britain was the Liberty Bell, which has one distinguishing feature - a cracked case.
In 1752, the Bell, after being cast in London, was sent to the colonial state of Pennsylvania. A bell weighing approximately one ton was hung in the building of the Legislative Assembly in Philadelphia. On July 8, 1776, his ringing summoned city residents to announce the Declaration of Independence by the Second Continental Congress. It received its present name after it became associated with the abolitionist movement, whose members advocated the abolition of slavery.
The Liberty Bell as a whole did not last long. When and under what circumstances he cracked, nobody knows for sure. Only one thing is known: it happened between 1817 and 1846.After the incident, the Bell was repaired; in 1846, in honor of the birthday of George Washington, he rang for several hours in a row, because of which he cracked again. From its further use had to be abandoned.
6. Mysterious foam leaked from a crack that appeared on a street in the Chinese city of Nanjing.
In May 2013, in the Chinese city of Nanjing, pedestrians at the intersection of Wende and Baiyun noticed a crack in the pavement, from which white matter with an unpleasant odor leaked out. Within a few minutes it covered the asphalt within a radius of 50 meters with a layer about 30 centimeters thick.
To eliminate an unforeseen problem, we had to call firefighters, who protected the scene of the incident with a signal tape, evacuated passersby and sent a stream of cars to go around the place where an unknown liquid appeared.
When the foam stopped oozing out of the crack, the cleaners cleaned and washed the road. What was this foam, no one knows until now.
7. Song cracked by iceberg
Have you ever heard the expression “Music for my ears”? Oceanographer Silay Martin from the University of Washington took this statement seriously when he decided to fix the sound of the destruction of one of the largest icebergs in Antarctica.
Martin, using an iceberg seismometer, recorded how a huge floating ice block cracked. Then he squeezed the recording, which lasted three and a half hours, up to two minutes and received, he said, almost a musical masterpiece. “This bit dark, but harmonious noise is made by pieces of a former iceberg rubbing against each other,” said Martin, listening to the climax of the recording.
8. Hindu fanatics splitting coconuts on their heads
Every year, thousands of Hindu fanatics gather near a temple located in southern India in order to attract health and good fortune using a rather strange method of breaking coconuts about their heads. Without exception, they all believe that this action is absolutely safe and does not hurt them, but Anil Kumar Pitambaran, a professor of neurosurgery who teaches at the State Medical College (Amritsar, Punjab, India), does not think so. He argues that breaking coconuts with his head can not only lead to brain damage, but also cause cracks in the human skull.
9.The frog breaks its own bones using it as a defense mechanism.
Hairy frog has a very unusual way to protect against potential enemies who want to eat it. To release the claws, like Wolverine from the movie "X-Men", it must break the bones of the fingers of the hind limbs!
The collagen fragment forms a junction between the sharp edge of the claw and a small piece of bone on the tip of the finger of the frog's hind legs. When the threat comes, the muscle associated with the claw contracts, the bone breaks, and a sharp claw breaks out.
10. The artist who fills cracks with Lego cubes
A crack appeared in your house in the wall, and you do not know what to do with it? Ask for help from Jan Vormann, a German artist who has found an unusual use for the cubes of the children's designer Lego. He travels the world and fills the cracks and holes in the walls of buildings with bright multi-colored toy "bricks". His works adorn the facades of post offices, barriers, monuments, stairs and even buildings that survived World War II.